The Potassium In Potatoes
In addition to resistant starch, both red and white potatoes are high in potassium, which is a nutrient that many Americans don’t eat in sufficient amounts. Potassium keeps your bones and heart healthy, reducing your risk of stroke and heart disease. Yet, according to a May 2013 report in Advances in Nutrition, the average intake is just over half of the recommended amount.
According to another report in Annals of Medicine published in November 2013, potatoes may improve your heart health by lowering blood pressure, reducing levels of bad cholesterol and decreasing inflammation.
The current recommendation for potassium is 2,600 milligrams per day for adult women and 3,400 milligrams daily for adult men. That means that one medium red or white potato provides 36 percent of a woman’s needs for an entire day and 28 percent of the daily needs for a man. If you need to up your intake of potassium, eating potatoes with other healthy, potassium-rich foods like acorn squash, kidney beans, spinach, chicken breast and Atlantic salmon can help you meet your needs.
Whats In A Sweet Potato
The scientific name for sweet potatoes is Ipomoea batatas. Sweet potatoes of all kinds are good alternatives to white potatoes. Theyre higher in fiber and nutrients, such as beta carotene.
They also have a lower GL. Like white potatoes, sweet potatoes are high in carbohydrates. Even so, people with diabetes can eat them in moderation.
There are certain types of sweet potatoes that have been shown to have benefits for people who are concerned about blood sugar and obesity. Well discuss varieties of sweet potatoes and their benefits in the next section.
In addition to their nutritional value, sweet potatoes contain properties that may lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Some of the nutrients found in sweet potatoes are:
- vitamin A in the form of beta carotene
Research On Potatoes And Diabetes
A small study compared the impact 50 grams carbohydrate portion of potatoes versus bread versus pasta had on participants blood sugar levels. While clearly none of the foods tested are particularly blood sugar friendly, its interesting to note that the potatoes resulted in the most significant rise at the 2 hour mark.
Another interesting study found that when healthy individuals consumed mashed potatoes alone, the hunger hormone ghrelin increased When participants consumed fat alone the hunger hormone ghrelin decreased as would be expected.
Just as time and time again research indicates that replacing carbohydrates with healthy fat sources improves measures of glycemic control.
Although a much older study, the American Diabetes Association has an interesting study published concerning the ingestion of sugar versus cooked potatoes. Participants were given 50 grams of glucose and then at a later time given 250 grams of potatoes .
Researchers found the pure sugar had nearly the same impact on blood sugar levels as the potatoes 8.8 mmol/L versus 8.0 mmol/L .
This reiterates the fact that your body responds to all carbohydrates in the same manner, and that people looking to improve their blood sugar need to be mindful of all carbohydrate intake.
Research has also suggested that increased consumption of potatoes, especially french fries, leads to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
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Myths And Truths About Potatoes
Myth: Sweet potatoes are healthier than white potatoes.
Truth: Looking at the chart above its clear sweet potatoes are just like any other variety of potatoes.
The only slight advantage of sweet potatoes would be the additional antioxidant and phytochemicals present due to the sweet potatoes bright orange flesh. Antioxidants such as carotene are found in orange fruits and vegetables and provide anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce disease risk.
However, you can easily increase your carotene intake by eating other orange vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes, which wont impact your blood sugar as much as a sweet potato.
Myth: Potatoes contain resistant starch, which wont impact my blood sugar as much as other carbohydrates.
Truth:Resistant starch is simply a type of carb similar to fiber. In theory resistant starch isnt digested by your body and therefore wont raise your blood sugar as much as other carbs.
Potatoes have a higher proportion of resistant starch compared to other carb containing foods.
The problem is that this logic of resistant starch is flawed, similar to the flaws found with the net carb counting method. First, the amount of resistant starch found in a medium potato is about 9 grams, which still leaves around 28 grams of fully digestible carbohydrate available to spike your blood sugar.
Research demonstrates a low carbohydrate diet is one of the most effective ways to improve blood sugar levels.
Can You Eat Red Potatoes With Diabetes
Roasted, baked, or microwaved potatoes are found with moderate level of GI from 70 to 80, while refrigerated, boiling red potatoes and having them cold the same day results in only 56 GI. How to Consume Potatoes? Diabetics may also eat potatoes with skin on as they have twice the fiber as compared to the flesh itself.
Small red potatoes with the skin are an excellent choice of potatoes for diabetics. The skin of small potatoes provides fibre, which slows digestion and absorption. And small, whole potatoes are also easier to portion control. Also, consume more of sweet potatoes as they are comparatively more fibrous than regular potatoes.
Detailed Answer It is common to see many diabetics not eat potatoes because they are high in carbs, but the truth is that you can still include a modest amount of potatoes in your diet. The main concern with potatoes is there high GI value, which measures the effect of the food you eat on your blood glucose level.
“When you eat potatoes or rice, you can replace half with lentils and significantly reduce the negative effects on your blood sugar,” says D. Dan Ramdath, PhD, a senior research scientist at the Guelph Research and Development Centre, and an adjunct professor of nutrition at the Universities of Guelph and Saskatchewan in Canada.
Having type 2 diabetes should not mean having to avoid delicious food. Vegetables should be a central part of the diet for people with type 2 diabetes and can be delicious and filling.
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Eating Potatoes Like This Can Be Healthy For Diabetics
Expert-reviewed by Ashwini S.Kanade, Registered Dietician and Certified Diabetes Educator with 17 years of experience
Bake them, mash them, grill them or deep-fry them, potatoes in any form or shape are a delight to eat! Touted to be an important food staple and the number one vegetable crop in the world, they are available all year-round in India. But did you know that potatoes are a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial plant Solanum tuberosum? They are a complex carbohydrate similar to rice, wheat and other ground provisions.
Carbohydrate options for diabetes is usually defined by the Glycemic Index value. The glycemic index rating of potatoes makes them a bad carb. Any GI score above 70 is high, indicating the food causes a rapid spike in blood sugar. The GI of potatoes is variable between 58 and 111 on an average, it is 78 for a boiled one and 87 for an instant cooked one.
However, potatoes are incredibly popular worldwide an, arent considered unhealthy unless and until deep fried. So, should diabetics really be eating potatoes? Let us find out!
How To Eat Rice And Potatoes Without Spiking Your Blood Sugaradd Lentils
With D. Dan Ramdath, PhD, and Andrew Freeman, MD, FACC, FACP
When it comes to diet, not everything about keeping your blood sugar down has to be difficult. Canadian researchers have come up with a clever diet swap that’s both easy and gets great results in keeping down blood sugar.
Recognizing how much people want their rice and potatoes, these nutrition experts found a great way to help you enjoy your favorite carbohydrates, or more accurately starchesrice and potatoeswith a twist that avoids the usual glycemic spike that jeopardizes good blood glucose control.1
Good trick for people with diabetes, add lentils to rice or potatoes to skip the rise in blood glucose.
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Avoid Fried Potatoes And Large Baked Potatoes
Some potatoes, like fried potatoes, will affect your blood sugar quite quickly, and you need to avoid those FOR SURE!
Eating fried foods will increase your risk of Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, Heart Disease and Stroke.
Fried foods are totally bad for you and you need to STOP eating them right away.
To learn more about what you should and should not eat, check out our 95-5 Wellness Solution.
There’s lots of help with healthy food choices and a big list of what you need to avoid if you want to reverse your Prediabetes and Insulin Resistance.
So, back to potatoes!
Other types of potatoes MIGHT affect your blood sugar beyond healthy levels. The potatoes that are most likely to do this are Russet potatoes.
Russet potatoes are the kind you would normally bake.
Farmer’s grow Russet potatoes to be HIGH in starch and in LOW in fiber.
Why? Because baked Russet potatoes taste SOOOOOO creamy because of the high starch and low fiber… and people like this…but your blood sugar sure as heck doesn’t.
Take a pass with Russet potatoes. DO NOT EAT russet potatoes!
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Yes diabetics can eat sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes contain carbohydrates which can raise blood sugar levels. However if you eat the right serving size of a sweet potato you can control the amount of sugar you take in. Also what you put on the potato is important. Avoid added sugars or sweeteners.
This diabetic potato salad is great for family picnics or outings. This recipe has a few ingredients that are not typical of your potato salads, but why not give it a try. I love the creaminess of this dish! Potato Salad With Dill Recipe. Servings: 8 = 1/2 cup serving size. 2 cups diced boiled potatoes. 1/2 cup chopped celery. 1/4 cup chopped onion
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Sweet Potatoes And Diabetes What Should I Avoid
Can I eat potatoes with prediabetes? What about other types of starchy vegetables? Those are great questions, since carb-laden, starchy vegetables seem to be the opposite of the types of foods that can help lower blood sugar.
It turns out that not all vegetables are created equal, and it is more complicated than simply dividing them into starchy and non-starchy vegetables. Some starchy vegetables appear to lower diabetes risk, while others may increase it. Here is what you should know about how to identify starchy and non-starchy vegetables, which ones to choose, and how to serve them to get the most benefits.
Almost every choice you make day and night can affect blood sugar levels, and Lark Diabetes Prevention Program can guide you in healthy decisions. This personalized coaching program uses proven methods to lower risk for type 2 diabetes. See if you are eligible below.
What Are Pulses And Where Do Lentils Fit In
Lentils, classified as pulses, are defined as the dried seeds of legumes, also including chickpeas, dried peas, and beans.
More commonly known as the base for soup and Indian curry, Lentilsflattened, tiny disc-shaped edible seedscome in five basic varieties: most often brown and green but red and yellow provide a more earthy flavor to soups and are great as a base for dips or spreads. They can be cooked to retain their wholeness for salads or go all the way to soft for a perfect thickener. You can imagine then, how substituting well-cooked lentils wouldnt even be noticed in mashed potato, for example.
Then there are French lentils, which are more thick skinned, so they retain their shape when cooked and provide a more nutty, texture, especially for salads. Black lentils are by most accounts the most flavorful, and cook more like the French version but appear closer to the brown lentil. This would be a very pleasing and unobtrusive addition to brown or black rice.
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Are Sweet Potatoes Or Yams Good For Blood Sugar
Although most of the calories in both sweet potatoes and yams come from carbs, they’re still good food choices, even if youre working hard at maintaining normal blood sugars. These starchy root vegetables are rich in fiber, which helps with blood sugar control. They’re also low-glycemic carbs, so can be enjoyed on a diabetic diet, as long as you watch your portion size.
Can Type 2 Diabetes Patients Eat Potatoes Every Day
Devlin and her team note the study only focuses on the GR effects of one meal. The meal size was also larger than what is typically recommended for T2D patients, but was still in line with the countrys normal eating patterns. Researchers will also need to determine the long-term impact of adding potatoes to a diabetic diet.
Potatoes are a vegetable that is sustainable, affordable and nutrient-dense, and thus, they can play an important role in modern diets irrespective of metabolic health status, the study authors conclude.
The study appears in the journal Clinical Nutrition.
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The Antioxidants In Potatoes
Another noteworthy nutrient in both red and white potatoes is vitamin C, which is responsible for around 13 percent of the total antioxidant capacity of the vegetable. In addition to acting as an antioxidant, vitamin C keeps your skin healthy, helps you metabolize protein and plays an important role in your immune system.
Vitamin C can help combat oxidative stress, reducing your risk of certain types of cancer and heart disease. Adequate intake of the vitamin is also linked to eye health, reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts, the two leading causes of blindness in older adults. Vitamin C needs range from 65 to 90 milligrams, so a single medium red or white potato provides anywhere from 24 to 34 percent of your daily needs, depending on your individual circumstances.
In addition to vitamin C, all potatoes contain several carotenoids, which include lutein, zeaxanthin and violaxanthin, and flavonoids that act as antioxidants. These antioxidants keep your heart healthy, improve cognitive function, promote eye health and may be able to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, according to an August 2018 report in the journal Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Red potatoes have a slight edge over white potatoes here, since they contain almost twice as much of these antioxidant compounds, depending on how pigmented their flesh is.
Resistant Starch Cooking & Reheating
When you cook something that has resistant starch, some of the starch is no longer resistant .
If you cool off something you’ve cooked that has resistant starch, some of the resistant starch comes back!
Even if you REHEAT the food that has resistant starch , some of that resistant starch stays resistant EVEN though it got heated up again.
This is totally awesome news for blood sugar control!
This is how this fantastic news affects potatoes:
1. When you eat cold cooked-potatoes, you get a lower blood sugar response compared to hot potatoes!
But don’t think you have to eat cold food .
2. Pre-cooked potatoes that have been cooled AND then heated up again ALSO give you a lower blood sugar response compared to a freshly-cooked hot potato.
How can this be? This sounds like the stuff of science fiction!
As I mentioned…cooking alters some of the starch in a potato and makes it easier to digest. Once the potato is cooled, some of that starch becomes resistant to digestion again.
Re-heating the pre-cooked starch DOES NOT change all of the resistant starch.
You can eat cold potatoes, or cooked-then-cooled-then-reheated potatoes, and get a SLOWER and LOWER blood sugar response.
You can eat my Diabetic Potato Salad , OR reheated potatoes with your scrambled eggs in the morning, and get a lower blood sugar response than if you ate a freshly cooked potato right out of the pot!
This is totally awesome news!
So, you can eat…
Incorporate Spinach And Kale Into Pastas And Salads
According to a previous review, eating 1 ½ cup of dark leafy greens, including spinach and kale, each day can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by 14 percent. Though the reason is unclear, it may be that leafy greens have a protective effect because they contain antioxidants like vitamins A and C. A cup of fresh, cooked kale offers 879 mcg of vitamin A, or about 98 percent of the DV, and 52.9 mg of vitamin C, or about 58 percent of the DV, notes the USDA. Leafy greens are also low in calories and carbohydrates , which is ideal for folks with type 2 diabetes.
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How Much Meat Should Someone Eat A Day
The amount of meat that people should eat each day varies according to individual factors, such as age, body size, and activity levels.
According to the Food and Drug Administration , people should choose a variety of protein foods and replace some meats and poultry with fish and plant-based sources.
EPIC-InterAct study found an association between meat consumption and type 2 diabetes.
The researchers followed more than 340,000 adults in eight European countries for over 11 years. They confirmed a higher risk among individuals with a higher meat consumption, specifically of red and processed meat.
In another large of more than 63,000 Chinese adults, researchers found a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in people who ate red meat and those who ate poultry with a higher heme iron content.
These studies suggest the importance of a healthful diet in managing diabetes.
People with diabetes can replace some of the meat in their diet with the following alternatives: