How Is A Uti Treated
The treatment for your uti will depend on what type of infection it is. If it is a bacterial infection, it will be treated with an antibiotic. If it is determined that it is a fungal infection, it will be treated with a different medication which targets fungal infections.
The first step your doctor will take will be to obtain a urine sample this urine sample will determine if you have an infection. If so, the urine is then also cultured to determine which antibiotic it is sensitive to, in other words, which antibiotic will effectively treat and kill the bacteria. This will take a few days because the bacteria has to grow in a petri dish. See, there really are reasons some of these tests take time!
In the meantime, your physician will immediately start you on a broad spectrum antibiotic this is an antibiotic that effectively treats many types of bacteria. If when the tests come back it is determined that you need a different antibiotic, your doctor will notify you and prescribe a different antibiotic which will treat your specific infection.
Sometimes the pain of a urinary tract infection is so great you may require a medication to alleviate the pain. Your doctor can prescribe a special medication which targets the pain associated with UTIs.
Follow-up is essential to determine if the infection has cleared, so if your physician asks you to come back, please do so!
You Wipe From Back To Front
Wiping from back to front can transport E. coli, the bacteria thats behind most UTIs, from the rectal region to the urethra. Moral of the story: Always wipe from front to back. Al-Badr A, et al. . Recurrent urinary tract infections management in women: A review.
Why Are Diabetics Prone To Kidney Infections
MedStar Georgetown Transplant Institute, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.
Address correspondence to: Michael Zasloff, Georgetown University Hospital 2 PWC, 3800 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA. Phone: 484.433.7807 Email: .
J Clin Invest.
Matthew J. Murtha, Tad Eichler, Kristin Bender, Jackie Metheny, Birong Li, Andrew L. Schwaderer, Claudia Mosquera, Cindy James, Laura Schwartz, Brian Becknell, John David Spencer
People with diabetes mellitus are at higher risk of developing serious ascending infections of the urinary tract. The traditional explanation has focused on the role of glycosuria in promoting bacterial growth. Using mouse models, Murtha et al. demonstrate that when the intracellular insulin signaling pathway is compromised, antimicrobial defenses are compromised too, and the mice are unable to effectively handle uropathogenic E. coli introduced experimentally into the urinary tract. These observations strongly support the hypothesis that the antimicrobial defenses of the kidney are dependent on insulin, and the urinary tract infections associated with diabetes occur due to reduced expression of these key effectors of innate immunity.
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What Causes High Blood Sugar In Dogs
- Fact Checked
Blood sugar, or blood glucose, is sugar in the bloodstream delivered to all cells throughout the body for energy. When a dog shows abnormally high levels of glucose, he is said to have hyperglycemia.
This condition is most notably expressed through increased thirst and urination, and will require a visit to the vet for treatment.
So how can you tell if your dog has high blood sugar and what can you do about it? Read on to find out.
Causes Of Sudden Confusion
Sudden confusion can be caused by many different things. Do not try to self-diagnose get medical help if someone suddenly becomes confused or delirious.
Some of the most common causes of sudden confusion include:
- an infection urinary tract infections are a common cause in elderly people or people with dementia
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Causes Of High Glucose Production:
- Hyperadrenocorticism: When a tumor enlarges on the pituitary gland, excess levels of cortisol may be released into the bloodstream. This affects the metabolic processes in a dog.
- Pheochromocytoma: Also known as adrenal gland cancer, a pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland that causes an overproduction of certain hormones.
- Eating food with high levels of sugar, especially human food
- Urinary tract infection
The Excretory System And Diabetes
The excretory system consists of the kidneys and urinary tract, which together, filter and eliminate waste from the body. As blood circulates throughout the body, nutrients are extracted for energy. Once blood reaches the kidneys, any remaining waste products are extracted to maintain blood homeostasis. These filtered waste products are compiled into urine, which passes from the kidneys through the ureters to the bladder, from where it is eventually expelled.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which insulin resistance is a key causative factor. When carbohydrates are broken down after eating a meal, levels of glucose in the blood rise. In response to increased blood glucose, the pancreas secretes insulin, a hormone that circulates in the blood and binds to the insulin receptor on the surface of cells throughout the body. Once activated, the IR induces a signaling cascade that culminates in that cell taking up glucose, the breakdown of which generates cellular energy. Insulin resistance arises when the cells of the body do not respond well to insulin and do not take up glucose from the blood.
Check out the Lifeline® catalog of bladder and renal cells , including:
Before Using Ozempic Tell Your Health Care Provider If You Have Any Other Medical Conditions Including If You:
- have or have had problems with your pancreas or kidneys.
- have a history of diabetic retinopathy.
- are pregnant or breastfeeding or plan to become pregnant or breastfeed. It is not known if Ozempic® will harm your unborn baby or passes into your breast milk. You should stop using Ozempic® 2 months before you plan to become pregnant.
Tell your health care provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbal supplements, and other medicines to treat diabetes, including insulin or sulfonylureas.
What Are The Possible Side Effects Of Ozempic
Ozempic® may cause serious side effects, including:
- inflammation of your pancreas . Stop using Ozempic® and call your health care provider right away if you have severe pain in your stomach area that will not go away, with or without vomiting. You may feel the pain from your abdomen to your back.
- changes in vision. Tell your health care provider if you have changes in vision during treatment with Ozempic®.
- low blood sugar . Your risk for getting low blood sugar may be higher if you use Ozempic® with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as a sulfonylurea or insulin. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar may include: dizziness or lightheadedness, blurred vision, anxiety, irritability or mood changes, sweating, slurred speech, hunger, confusion or drowsiness, shakiness, weakness, headache, fast heartbeat, and feeling jittery.
- kidney problems . In people who have kidney problems, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting may cause a loss of fluids , which may cause kidney problems to get worse. It is important for you to drink fluids to help reduce your chance of dehydration.
- serious allergic reactions. Stop using Ozempic® and get medical help right away if you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat problems breathing or swallowing severe rash or itching fainting or feeling dizzy or very rapid heartbeat.
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Diabetes And Urinary Tract Infections
To avoid urinary tract infections, consult your doctor if symptoms occur.
People whose diabetes is not properly controlled have twice the risk of developing infections.
In addition to diabetes, you could be more susceptible to urinary tract infections if:
- Your blood glucose levels are not properly controlled.
- Sugar in the urine promotes bacterial growth.
- Your nervous system is already affected by diabetes .
- You could have a lazy bladder that does not empty completely.
- You are a woman.
- Certain anatomical traits, such as having a shorter urethra, increase the risk of bacterial contamination.
- You already have diabetes complications in your kidneys or blood vessels.
- This could be a sign that your diabetes is not properly controlled.
- You have had a urinary tract infection within the last year.
- People who have had infections within the last year are more at risk of a recurrence.
What To Look For If You Have Diabetes
Since the symptoms may be insidious you may not notice much at all. A quick self-check may offer some clues:
- How often do you go to the toilet with the purpose to void your bladder? Less than 4 times?
- Do you feel that you need to strain to empty your bladder?
- Do you feel like your bladder is not emptied?
- Have you had several urinary tract infections the last year?
If yes, to any of these questions a check up may be of value. The same goes if you have other bothersome symptoms from your urinary tract.
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Just Cant Wait Toilet Card And Radar Key
Feeling anxious about being out and about when you have a bladder and bowel condition can make your symptoms worse. Having a Just Cant Wait toilet card can help you feel more reassured and confident that you can access public facilities. You can get a free Just Cant Wait toilet card or order a plastic Just Cant Wait Card via post for a small charge.
It may also help for you to have a RADAR key, which means you will be able to visit public accessible/disabled facilities. You do not need to have a visible disability or be in a wheelchair to use this key. If you have a medical condition which requires you to use accessible facilities then you are eligible to do so, and can purchase a key here from www.radarkey.org. RADAR keys are available to purchase, and may be available on a discretionary basis for customers of our Bladder & Bowel Home Delivery Service.
Fungal Skin Infections And Nail Infections
People with diabetes are also more likely to get fungal infections or yeast infections, many of which affect the skin and nails. Our skin is naturally covered with fungi that are there to protect us from bad germs. But having too much of that fungi can be a problem. Fungi, especially yeast, feed on sugar, so the more sugar your body has, the more likely it is that you will develop more fungi or yeast than you should.
Examples of common fungal skin and nail infections are athletes foot, ringworm, vaginal yeast infections, and fungal nail infections.
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How Does Diabetes Cause Infections
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it means that your blood sugar levels are too high. Fortunately, its possible to bring your blood sugar down to normal levels by exercising regularly, eating well, and taking any prescribed diabetes medications consistently. But if your blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled, they can keep your bodys immune system from working the way that it should.
Your immune system consists of white blood cells that protect your body from unknown substances like germs. Since white blood cells are a part of your blood, they rely on your blood vessels to transport blood throughout the body to get where they need to go. But because diabetes can cause blood vessel disease, your white blood cells cant always get where they need to be to fight off germs. This allows germs like bacteria, viruses, and fungi to invade your body and cause infections that make you sick.
In addition to suppressing your bodys immune system, diabetes also makes it more likely that you will have slow-healing wounds and nerve pain . Neuropathy makes it harder to notice open cuts and sores. Together, both of these complications can increase the risk of infection.
Now that you understand how diabetes can increase your risk of certain infections, lets learn what some of those infections are.
Silent Symptoms Of Diabetes
More than 30 million Americans have diabetes, including 7.2 million that are undiagnosed. Additionally, 1.5 million Americans are newly diagnosed each year. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diabetes cases. Diabetes has plenty of early signs, but some symptoms are subtle. Here are 10 subtle signs of diabetes:
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Can Diabetes Cause Incontinence
Bladder problems can be experienced by people with diabetes. This can be caused by a neurogenic bladder, which is caused by nerve damage that can happen if blood sugar levels are not bought under control. Symptoms of neurogenic bladder include:
People may also experience nocturia, the need to urinate more than once during the night, which can be a sign of uncontrolled blood sugar levels or a urinary tract infection. Constipation and diarrhoea can also occur and can be caused by certain medications used to control it.
Diabetes And Bladder Symptoms
The effect of neuropathy on the bladder consist of a triad of changes. First of all a reduction of sensitivity in the bladder. This basically means that you will not sense bladder filling in the same way, resulting in infrequent visits to the toilet with the aim to void.
Secondly, as a consequence to this, bladder volumes will increase since you will not sense/notice that you need to void. Perhaps you will just go to the toilet once or twice per day?
Thirdly you will have an impaired bladder contractility making it impossible to empty your bladder completely. This results in retention, urinary tract infections, incontinence and in the long run, an increased risk of kidney failure.
So these changes leads to a magnified, a-contractile, hypotonic bladder that initially does not need to give so many symptoms. But when the sphincter also becomes affected, it can lead to urinary retention, incontinence and repeated urinary tract infections. Some people also have bladder pareses with painful chronic urinary retention.
You can also find additional information in our enCATHopedia Leaflet.
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Management Of Utis With Diabetes
Management of utis in people with diabetes is exactly the same, except you will be monitoring your blood sugars much more closely because you have an infection. As with any infection, we recommend that you check your blood sugar more frequently and contact the physician who manages your diabetes to let them know about your infection. You may need a temporary adjustment of your diabetes medications while you are sick.
If your blood sugars are very high, you run the risk of complications related to those high blood sugars even if you do not have Type 1 diabetes. Yes, people with Type 2 diabetes can be hospitalized for high blood sugars too!
If your blood sugar is over 250mg/dL this is considered too high and is at a dangerous level. Believe it or not, research shows you are actively doing damage to your body when your blood sugar is sustained at 150mg/dL 24 hours per day. Please contact your physician if your blood sugars start to rise if you get a UTI.
Diabetes And Urinary Tract Infections Things You Need To Know
In this article we will cover everything you need to know about diabetes and your risk for Urinary Tract Infections. Do you have an increased risk of Urinary Tract Infections now that you have diabetes?
We will cover what a Urinary Tract Infection is, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as well as why they are more common in people with diabetes.
More importantly, we will discuss steps you can take to prevent them!
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Slow Healing Wounds And Increased Skin Infections
Lingering sugar in the blood wreaks havoc on veins and arteries disrupting circulation. Without proper blood flow, it takes longer for cuts and bruises to heal, and you are more prone to skin infections.
Red Flag: Paper cuts, bumps and bruises take more than a few days to go away, cuts scab over repeatedly or wounds that last weeks to months.
Is Bleeding Normal With A Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is a very common infection. It can occur anywhere in your urinary tract, which includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria and affect the bladder and urethra.
When your urinary tract is infected, it can be painful to pee. You might feel a persistent urge to urinate, even after youve gone to the bathroom. Your pee might look cloudy and smell unusual, too.
A UTI can also cause bloody urine, which is also called hematuria. But once your infection is treated, bleeding from a UTI should go away.
In this article, well discuss how UTIs cause bleeding, along with other symptoms and treatment.
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Risk Factors For Urinary Tract Infections
And now a brief note about reproductive parts: Although people with penises do get UTIs, people with vaginas are more at risk. It all boils down to the anatomy, Minkin says.
Bacteria that cause UTIs often make their way from the back door to the front and then up the urethra to wreak havoc on the urinary system.
Because the male reproductive system has a longer urethra than the female reproductive system, the bacteria have farther to travel, which makes it more difficult for a UTI to develop.
But regardless of anatomy, once youve had one UTI, youre more likely to get another, especially if you have a vagina. Hickling DR, et al. . Management of recurrent urinary tract infections in healthy adult women.