Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
So, whats the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It has also been called juvenile diabetes or neonatal diabetes, since it is diagnosed at an earlier age.
This means that the immune system is attacking your own body. The islet cells in the pancreas become wholly destroyed. The islet cells are where insulin production happens. This is why in type 1 diabetes, the body doesnt produce any insulin at all.
Type 2 diabetes patients, on the other hand, have insulin producing cells that work. The body is resistant to that insulin being made, though. The body doesnt efficiently use insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1. Type 1 diabetes is usually present in childhood. Whereas, type 2 diabetes is more common in adults, specifically those who are overweight or obese.
This being said, its important not to rely on age to determine which type of diabetes is present. One of the reasons for this is that obesity is prevalent among children nowadays. Type 2 diabetes, though thought of as an adult condition, can happen even in childhood.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are different conditions. They have separate mechanisms.
A patient with type 1 diabetes will likely need to take insulin shots for the remainder of their life.
What Happens When You Have Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
If you have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it means you have too much glucose in your blood. This is the same for both types. But the difference between them is how this happens.
If you have type 1 diabetes, it means you have an autoimmune condition. This means your body has attacked and destroyed the cells that make a hormone called insulin. So you cant make insulin anymore.
We all need insulin as it helps take the glucose from our blood into our bodys cells. We then use this glucose for energy. Without insulin, the glucose level in your blood gets too high.
Type 2 diabetes is different. If youve got type 2, either your body doesnt make enough insulin, or your insulin doesnt work properly. This is known as insulin resistance. Like type 1, this means the level of glucose in your blood is too high.
Can You Be Misdiagnosed With Type 2 Diabetes
Its possible for someone with type 2 diabetes to be misdiagnosed. They may have many of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, but actually have another condition that may be more closely related to type 1 diabetes. This condition is called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults .
Researchers estimate that between 4 and 14 percent of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes might actually have LADA. Many physicians are still unfamiliar with the condition and will assume a person has type 2 diabetes because of their age and symptoms.
In general, a misdiagnosis is possible because:
- both LADA and type 2 diabetes typically develop in adults
- the initial symptoms of LADA such as excessive thirst, blurred vision, and high blood sugar mimic those of type 2 diabetes
- doctors dont typically run tests for LADA when diagnosing diabetes
- initially, the pancreas in people with LADA still produces some insulin
- diet, exercise, and oral drugs usually used to treat type 2 diabetes work well in people with LADA at first
As of now, theres still a lot of uncertainty over how exactly to define LADA and what causes it to develop. The exact cause of LADA is unknown, but researchers have identified certain genes that may play a role.
LADA may only be suspected after your doctor realizes that youre not responding well to oral type 2 diabetes medications, diet, and exercise.
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It Is Important To Know Can Type 2 Diabetes Turn Into Type 1 Diabetes
JAKARTA Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that can spread to more complex health problems. Diabetes is diagnosed into two types, namely type 1 and 2 diabetes. The big question is, can the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes turn into type 1 diabetes?
Reported by Medical News Today, Wednesday, June 23, it could be changing type 2 diabetes to type 1 due to a misdiagnosis. It could also be because the first examination diagnosed type 2 diabetes but also brought the ‘talent’ of type 1 diabetes caused by autoimmune.
Many people understand that type 2 diabetes can change to type 1 if you need to take insulin. But actually it is a myth. Based on expert opinion, there are two possibilities if the initial diagnosis is type 2 and then it becomes type 1.
The first possibility is a misdiagnosis because the symptoms of type 2 and type 1 diabetes are very similar. So to get a valid diagnosis a number of tests are needed in addition to the daily blood sugar test by random, non-fasting, and fasting.
Regular exercise for people with type 2 diabetes is quite helpful in treating it. But for people with type 1 diabetes need to inject insulin. In most cases, the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes or sometimes called juvenile diabetes is made in childhood or early adulthood.
Lifestyle changes to become healthier indeed reduce the potential for complications and control glucose. A person with type 1 diabetes needs insulin injections for most of their life.
What Is Lada And Why Is It Often Confused With Type 2 Diabetes
It has been estimated that around 14 percent of the people who actually are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes actually suffer from the Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults. Some of the features of LADA which might result in it being misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes include the following:
- It gradually sets in and it is difficult to trace its arrival
- It usually affects you during adulthood
- You experience resistance to the hormone insulin
- It initially is managed by using oral drugs and medicines. However, after a certain period of time, there is a growing need to take insulin.
- They have positive antibodies in them
As seen above. Some of the aspects of the newly discovered LADA have a resemblance to type 2 diabetes.
Even the following symptoms of the condition is same as those found in type 2 diabetes:
When you have LADA, you have all the symptoms and signs of type 2 diabetes. After a particular point of time, LADA patients require growing amounts of insulin to manage their condition effectively, just like a type 1 diabetic patient will require.
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What About The Symptoms
With type 1 diabetes, your blood sugar is too high. It is obvious from the symptoms of excessive thirst and hunger, blurred vision, numbness and/or tingling in the feet, weight loss, and also fatigue. In addition if your sugar gets extremely high it can cause symptoms of nausea, dry skin, and rapid breathing.
These identical symptoms can occur in type 2 diabetics, but not for a good number of years and by this time these symptoms have already taken a toll on your body and you had no clue the whole time. It can also cause numbness and/or pain in your feet or hands and possibly erectile dysfunction in males.
Progression Of Double Diabetes
Similar to type 2 diabetes, double diabetes, if not treated appropriately can become more severe over time.
If double diabetes is allowed to progress more insulin will need to be injected which promotes further weight gain and increases the bodys resistance to the insulin further requiring even greater insulin
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Diabetes Sick Day Rules
If you need to take insulin to control your diabetes, you should have received instructions about looking after yourself when you’re ill known as your “sick day rules”.
Contact your diabetes care team or GP for advice if you haven’t received these.
The advice you’re given will be specific to you, but some general measures that your sick day rules may include could be to:
- keep taking your insulin it’s very important not to stop treatment when you’re ill your treatment plan may state whether you need to temporarily increase your dose
- test your blood glucose level more often than usual most people are advised to check the level at least four times a day
- keep yourself well hydrated make sure you drink plenty of sugar-free drinks
- keep eating eat solid food if you feel well enough to, or liquid carbohydrates such as milk, soup and yoghurt if this is easier
- check your ketone levels if your blood glucose level is high
Seek advice from your diabetes care team or GP if your blood glucose or ketone level remains high after taking insulin, if:
- you’re not sure whether to make any changes to your treatment
- you develop symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
- you have any other concerns
Read more about sick day rules
How Does Diabetes Affect The Body
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your bodys cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key. Insulin is that key.
People with type 1 diabetes dont produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key.
People with type 2 diabetes dont respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often dont make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.
People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet. Good glucose management significantly reduces the risk of developing numbness and tingling in someone with type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association .
Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they present in very different ways.
Many people with type 2 diabetes wont have symptoms for many years, and their symptoms often develop slowly over the course of time. Some people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all and dont discover they have the condition until complications arise.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes may have similar names, but theyre different diseases with unique causes.
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What Is Latent Autoimmune Diabetes In Adults
Many doctors consider LADA the adult form of type 1 diabetes because its also an autoimmune condition.
As in type 1 diabetes, the islet cells in the pancreas of people with LADA are destroyed. However, this process occurs much more slowly. Once it starts, it can take several months up to several years for the pancreas to stop being able to make insulin.
Other experts consider LADA somewhere in between type 1 and type 2 and even call it type 1.5 diabetes. These researchers believe that diabetes can occur along a spectrum.
Researchers are still trying to figure out the details, but in general, LADA is known to:
- develop in adulthood
- have a slower course of onset than type 1 diabetes
- often occur in people who arent overweight
- often occur in people who dont have other metabolic issues, such as high blood pressure and high triglycerides
- result in a positive test for antibodies against the islet cells
The symptoms of LADA are similar to those of type 2 diabetes, including:
- excessive thirst
What Causes Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction that destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells. This process can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear.
Some people have certain genes that make them more likely to develop type 1 diabetes, though many wont go on to have type 1 diabetes even if they have the genes. Being exposed to a trigger in the environment, such as a virus, is also thought to play a part in developing type 1 diabetes. Diet and lifestyle habits dont cause type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
The most common symptom of type 2 diabetes is feeling very tired because your body cant get enough glucose into your cells for energy.
On top of this, you might feel extra thirsty, need to go to the toilet a lot, or lose weight without trying to.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can develop more slowly than the symptoms of type 1, so the condition is harder to spot.
Some people dont get any symptoms or theyre so mild that they dont notice them.
The following five things play a part in how likely you are to develop type 2 diabetes:
- your age
- if you have a parent, brother, sister or child with diabetes
- your ethnicity
- being overweight
Is It Possible For Type 2 Diabetes To Get Converted Into Type 1 Diabetes
Well, some of the recent research conducted by the researchers in different parts of the world has left a few experts to wonder whether type 2 diabetes patients can slowly progress into type 1 diabetes patients. In order to understand the same, we should first consider the following:
- Type 1 diabetes is known to be an autoimmune disorder in which the beta cells of the insulin-producing pancreas suffer damage. Hence, your body is unable to produce the much-needed hormone, insulin. In type 2 diabetes, however, the pancreatic beta cells continue to work and insulin is produced by the organ. However, due to various factors, the body fails to effectively utilize this insulin so produced.
- Besides, type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes because it is found in children, while type 2 is majorly contracted by the adults
When you consider the above two factors, you will know that type 2 diabetes cannot turn into type 1 condition. However, if you research on the topic further, you will realize that experts have slowly started to term even type 2 diabetes as an autoimmune condition. Besides, according to a recent study conducted by the diabetes experts in Japan, the conversion of type 2 into type 1 is indeed a possibility. As per this study, it is believed that after about 7.7 months of administering insulin into the body of a type 2 diabetes patients, type 2 might get converted into type 1 diabetes.
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Can Type 2 Diabetes Turn Into Type 1
If you have type 2 diabetes, you might be wondering if it will ever turn into type 1 diabetes. Its understandable that you would think about this, especially if you take insulin. In short, however, the answer is no.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes, two of the most common forms of diabetes, are actually two very different conditions. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means that the body attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. As a result, someone with type 1 needs to inject insulin in order to survive. Researchers believe that genetics or environmental factors are the cause of type 1. For the most part, type 1 diabetes is more common in children, adolescents and young adults but anyone at any age can develop type 1 diabetes.
So, type 2 diabetes does not become type 1 diabetes. But it is possible for someones type of diabetes to be misdiagnosed. In other words, someone may be told they have type 2 diabetes, but they actually have type 1 diabetes. Heres why: diabetes symptoms can be the same in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. For example, if your blood sugar is high, you may feel tired and thirsty and you might lose some weight. If you go to the doctor because of your symptoms, you may be quickly diagnosed with type 2 and prescribed a diabetes pill to take. This is more likely to happen if youre an adult and if youre overweight or obese .
Type 1 And Type 2 Differences
Below is a guide to some of the main differences between type 1 and type 2.
Your body attacks the cells in your pancreas which means it cannot make any insulin.
Your body is unable to make enough insulin or the insulin you do make doesnt work properly.
We dont currently know what causes type 1 diabetes.
We know some things can put you at risk of having type 2 like weight and ethnicity.
The symptoms for type 1 appear more quickly.
Type 2 symptoms can be easier to miss because they appear more slowly.
Type 1 is managed by taking insulin to control your blood sugar.
You can manage type 2 diabetes in more ways than type 1. These include through medication, exercise and diet. People with type 2 can also be prescribed insulin.
Currently there is no cure for type 1 but research continues.
Type 2 cannot be cured but there is evidence to say in many cases it can be prevented and put into remission.
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