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How Many Americans Have Type 1 Diabetes


How Common Is Diabetes

What I Wish More People Knew About Type 1 Diabetes #T1Day

Diabetes is one of the worlds fastest-growing chronic diseases. How prevalent is it? Lets take a look:

  • In 1980, 108 million people worldwide had diabetes. By 2014, that number had risen to 422 million.
  • An estimated 700 million adults worldwide will have diabetes by 2045.
  • China has the highest number of diabetes accounts worldwide, with 116 million people with diabetes. Following China is India and then the United States .

Key Diabetes Findings From The Report

  • Across all racial/ethnic groups, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes increased more annually from 2003-2012 in males than in females ages 0-19.
  • Among youth ages 0-19, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes increased most sharply in Hispanic youth, a 4.2 percent annual increase. In non-Hispanic blacks, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes increased by 2.2 percent and in non-Hispanic whites by 1.2 percent per year.
  • Among youth ages 10-19, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes rose most sharply in Native Americans , Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders and non-Hispanic blacks . Note: The rates for Native Americans cannot be generalized to all Native American youth nationwide.
  • Among youth ages 10-19, the rate of new diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes increased 3.1 percent among Hispanics. The smallest increase was seen in whites .
  • The rate of new diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes rose much more sharply in females than in males ages 10-19.

Type 1 Diabetes Statistics

Why look at statistics?

Rates of incidence of Type 1 diabetes are rising around the world. Statistics specific to certain countries allow us to study areas that may be experiencing a sharp uptick in Type 1 diagnoses, or even a gradual climb that indicates something is changing in that place. Looking at Type 1 through the lens of statistics also allows those of us living with diabetes every day to separate ourselves from something personal and emotional, focusing instead on facts and a bigger picture.

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Box : What’s In The Data

The data used in this publication are from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System , a collaborative network of provincial and territorial chronic disease surveillance systems, led by the Public Health Agency of Canada . The CCDSS identifies chronic disease cases from provincial and territorial administrative health databases, including physician billing claims and hospital discharge abstract records, linked to provincial and territorial health insurance registry records using a unique personal identifier. Data on all residents eligible for provincial or territorial health insurance are captured in health insurance registries.

While CCDSS data reflect the health status of the Canadian population, they may also reflect changes in data collection methods, coding and classification systems, or clinical guidelines and billing practices. These factors must also be taken into consideration when interpreting time trends.

Definition of diagnosed diabetes in the CCDSSCanadians aged 1 year and older are identified as having diagnosed diabetes if they have: at least one hospitalization record or at least two physician claims in a two-year period with an International Classification of Diseases code for diabetes. Females aged 10 to 54 years diagnosed with diabetes 120 days preceding or 180 days following a pregnancy-related visit are removed, to exclude possible cases of gestational diabetes.

Additional Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes In Babies And Toddlers

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  • Weight loss
  • Failure to thrive, a condition involving weight loss or inability to gain weight combined with stunted growth
  • Colic or fussiness that just wont let up
  • Poor-quality sleep that doesnt improve no matter what you try
  • Bedwetting, especially after successful potty-training

All of these symptoms are a result of hyperglycemiatoo much glucose circulating in our bloodstream, also known as high blood sugar. Any person experiencing hyperglycemia, particularly after a viral illness, should seek immediate medical help.

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More Information On Genetics

If you would like to learn more about the genetics of all forms of diabetes, the National Institutes of Health has published The Genetic Landscape of Diabetes. This free online book provides an overview of the current knowledge about the genetics of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well other less common forms of diabetes. The book is written for health care professionals and for people with diabetes interested in learning more about the disease.

How 2 Type 1

Do you live with type 1 diabetes? Do you care for someone who does? Whether you’ve been recently diagnosed or living with the disease for years, How 2 Type 1 is for you. This video, developed in partnership with the Diabetes Leadership Foundation, aims to provide support, knowledge, expert advice, and actionable steps to help you and others in the type 1 diabetes community thrive!

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The Risks For Certain Groups

Ricordi said diabetes and COVID-19 are inflammatory diseases that carry an increased risk of dangerous blood clotting.

He also emphasized that common comorbidities of diabetes, including obesity and high blood pressure, also likely play a role in a persons poorer COVID-19 outcome.


People with type 1 diabetes also are at higher risk but for different reasons.

Because individuals with type 1 diabetes have an autoimmune disease, they are predisposed to other immunological disorders and also may have less ability to regulate their immune system, and that can lower their ability to fight an immune-triggering disease such as COVID-19, Ricordi said.

The link between diabetes and COVID-19 illness severity and death is particularly strong among Hispanic and Latinx populations, the study concluded.

Hispanic people are 2.4 times more likely to die of COVID-19 and 50 percent more likely to have diabetes than white Americans, researchers noted. Part of the reason is that many people in this community dont know they have diabetes, Bajpeyi said.

Current Rates Of Diagnosed Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes In American Adults

What It’s Like to Have Type 1 Diabetes | UC San Diego Health
Date:
University of Iowa
Summary:
A new study finds that type 2 diabetes remains overwhelmingly the most common type of diabetes diagnosed in American adults who have the disease. The study found that among Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes, 91.2 percent have type 2 diabetes and 5.6 percent have type 1 diabetes.

A new study from the University of Iowa finds that type 2 diabetes remains overwhelmingly the most common type of diabetes diagnosed in American adults who have the disease.


The study found that 8.5 percent of American adults have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and .5 percent with type 1 diabetes. Among those who are diagnosed with diabetes, 91.2 percent have type 2 diabetes and 5.6 percent have type 1 diabetes. The study was published this month in the British Medical Journal.

Although previous survey studies have reported the rate of diabetes in the United States, the rates by diabetes subtypes — type 1 , type 2, or other type — were virtually unknown. Study lead author Wei Bao, assistant professor of epidemiology in the College of Public Health, says the results are important because it allows health care professionals and policy makers to better allocate resources to treat each type of the disease.

“Type 2 diabetes can be prevented through lifestyle changes, but so far, there is no established method for preventing type 1 diabetes,” Bao says.

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Read Also: Life Expectancy For Type 2 Diabetes


Cdc: 13% Of Us Adults Have Diabetes With Fewer New Cases

CDC. National Diabetes Statistics Report. Available at: . Accessed Feb. 25, 2020.

Disclosures: We were unable to process your request. Please try again later. If you continue to have this issue please contact .

Approximately 34.1 million U.S. adults more than 1 in 10 have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and 7.3 million of those adults who met laboratory criteria were unaware or did not report having the disease, according to data from the CDCs 2020 National Diabetes Statistics Report.

The report, released Tuesday by the CDCs Division of Diabetes Translation, also revealed that age-adjusted prevalence of total diabetes increased among adults between 1999 and 2016, rising from 9.5% in 1999-2002 to 12% in 2013-2016. However, new diabetes cases decreased during the past decade except among children and adolescents. The 2020 report marks the first time trends in prevalence and incidence estimates over time are included, according to the report.

Data from this report can help focus critical type 2 diabetes prevention and diabetes management efforts across the nation, the CDC states on its website.


Age-adjusted data for 2017-2018 indicated that the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was highest among Native Americans and Alaskan Natives , Hispanic adults and black adults .

A significant decreasing trend in incidence was detected from 2008 through 2018, the report states.

Reference:

Diabetes Statistics In America

  • More than 34 million Americans have diabetes, which is nearly 11% of the U.S. population.
  • Every 17 seconds, an American is diagnosed with diabetes.
  • There are 1.5 million new cases of diabetes in the United States each year.

Diabetes statistics by state

The states with the highest percentage of adults with diagnosed diabetes are:

  • West Virginia

*The statistics are for adult cases, which were updated in September 2020


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With Ilana Halperin MD and Elena Christofides MD

Learning you or your child has type 1 diabetes means taking an active role in health 24/7. Luckily, there are more low-key ways to track blood sugar and administer insulin than ever. From glucose monitoring to meal planning, were here to empower you with clear answers to all your pressing questions.

| Frequently Asked Questions | Support


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Many Type 1 Diabetics Living With Disease 50

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I never expected to live this long.

Thats a refrain thats become increasingly common among people with Type 1 diabetes, many of whom were told as children or teens that their lives would likely be shortened due to a complication of the disease, such like kidney failure, heart attack or a stroke.


But a growing number of diabetics have defied the odds, living with the disease for 50 years or more and often remaining otherwise healthy and a Canadian study is underway to find out the secrets to their longevity.

We are now seeing that people with Type 1 diabetes can live for a lot longer than we had initially thought, says Dr. Bruce Perkins, an endocrinologist at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto who is heading the national study.

It is true, what Ive learned from talking to people whove had diabetes for many, many decades, that is what they were told when they were children: Youre not going to be the one thats going to lead a full life and you are likely going to have these problems, Perkins says.

And theres an amazing sort of mentality that a lot of these patients have because they went through their lives believing that or fighting that.

The Toronto researchers are also collaborating with the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston, which has been running a similar study and awards a 50-year medal to those who have lived with the disease for five decades or longer.


She died of a stroke before 2000. And we were the same age.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes

    Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes include:

    • Increased thirst
    • Weight loss, despite eating more than usual
    • Fatigue
    • Having a family history of diabetes
    • Having an African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native racial or ethnic background
    • Being physically active less than three times a week
    • Having had gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby who weighed more than nine pounds
    • Having high blood pressure

    How Is Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosed

    Americans with diabetes travel to Canada to get affordable insulin

    Because the symptoms can develop rapidly, a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is usually made by a pediatrician or a physician in the emergency room. Pediatricians might check a childs glucose levels if there is unexplained weight loss or sudden bedwetting. Glucose tests are also commonly run when a person with type 1 diabetes symptoms arrives at the hospital.

    Doctors can also diagnose type 1 diabetes by running several tests to check blood-sugar levels. The primary screening test for type 1 diabetes is the random blood-sugar test, which tells physicians the amount of glucose circulating in a persons blood at a specific moment in time. A blood-sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter suggests diabetes.


    The secondary test is a glycated hemoglobin test, or A1C test. This test measures the average amount of glucose in a persons bloodstream over the past 90 days as a percentage.

    A normal A1C level is between 5 and 5.5%, while anything higher than 5.7% indicates diabetes. When diabetes is controlled, a persons A1C levels will be low.

    Its a useful test because you dont want to overreact, says Dr. Christofides. If someone has hyperglycemia for a week or a couple days, their A1C isnt going to rise. This gives us a good reflection of what the glucose level was for the past three months.

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    Diabetes Facts And Statistics

    Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. High blood glucose can cause health problems over time. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational. Learn more from the Diabetes Overview.


    • Total: An estimated 34.2 million people have diabetes .
    • Diagnosed: An estimated 26.9 million people of all ages have been diagnosed with diabetes .
    • Of the people diagnosed with diabetes, 210,000 are children and adolescents younger than age 20 years, including 187,000 with type 1 diabetes.
  • Undiagnosed: An estimated 7.3 million adults ages 18 years or older have diabetes but are undiagnosed .
  • View the full report: National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .

    According to the American Diabetes Associations Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S., the total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2017 was $327 billion, including $237 billion in direct medical costs and $90 billion in reduced productivity.

    Health Problems Caused By Type 2 Diabetes

    If left untreated, Type 2 diabetes can cause great damage to the body. Complications caused by Type 2 diabetes may develop slowly but can become life-threatening overtime. Conditions caused by unchecked Type 2 diabetes include, but are not limited to:

    • Alzheimers disease
    • Eye disease, such as cataracts and glaucoma, possibly leading to blindness
    • Hearing problems
    • Slow healing of cuts and infections, possibly leading to amputation of severely damaged toes, feet or legs

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    Inequity Regarding Diet And Exercise

    Age-adjusted obesity is more prevalent among African American people than it is among white American people.

    Some people assume that African American people have a different and less healthy cultural diet than white American people. However, there are other factors that are more likely to cause obesity in African American people than the specific foods they consume.

    Socioeconomic barriers involving food

    The 2019 Census revealed that 17.4% of African American families were living under the poverty line, compared with just 5.5% of non-Hispanic white families.

    Fast food and items of junk food tend to be cheaper than fresher, healthier alternatives. Therefore, the disparate rate at which African American people are living below the poverty line could be a reason that it may be more difficult for African American people to manage their weight.

    Socioeconomic barriers involving exercise

    African American people may find it more difficult to exercise for leisure.

    According to one 2013 study , this could be another effect of residential segregation. For example, there may not be as many safe places for an African American person to exercise in their neighborhood as there are for people living in other neighborhoods.

    The study paper also mentions walkability in towns as a factor that can affect a persons daily exercise. Some neighborhoods give a person less access to supermarkets within walking distance. This also has links to increased body mass index .

    How Common Is Type 1 Diabetes

    New technology better controls type 1 diabetes

    Well, its a lot less common than type 2. According to the American Diabetes Association, 1.6 million Americans have type 1 diabetes, including 187,000 children and adolescents. Type 1 diabetes makes up between 5 and 10% of total diabetes cases in the United States, while type 2 diabetes covers the other 90 to 95%.

    Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed before the age of 40, although occasionally people have been diagnosed later after an illness causes an immune response that triggers it. In the US, most type 1 diabetes diagnoses occur in children between the ages of 4 and 14 years old.

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