Prevalence And Incidence Of Type 1 Diabetes In Europe
Prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes were extracted from meta-analysis studies. In type 1 diabetes incidence, the heterogeneity between studies in the meta-analysis was significant but in the prevalence of diabetes 1, the heterogeneity was not significant, . The incidence of type 1 diabetes in Europe was 15 per 100 000 population, which was statistically significant , and the prevalence of type 1 diabetes was 12.2 per 10 000 people, which was statistically significant . and show the forest plot of prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes in Europe.
Prevalence of type 1 diabetes in Europe.
Increase In Type 1 Diabetes
The number of type 1 diabetes cases is increasing worldwide, with estimates of children and adolescents under 20 with type 1 growing to over 1 million cases, according to IDF’s 2017 Diabetes Atlas. Here’s more info from several sources:
- The overall annual increase in type 1 diabetesis estimated to be around 3%, according to IDF’s 2017 Diabetes Atlas.
- While the incidence is increasing worldwide,there’s variations by country and region, with some locations having far higherincidences than others. This could be due to genetic and environmental factorsthat we don’t yet fully understand.
- 5 million people in the U.S. are expected tohave type 1 diabetes by 2050, according to JDRF.
- Nearly 600,000 youth/children in the U.S. areexpected to have type 1 diabetes by 2050, according to JDRF.
- There’s no effective intervention to prevent type1 diabetes so reducing the rising case load isn’t yet feasible, the IDF’s 2017 Diabetes Atlas reports.
Gestational Diabetes Facts And Statistics
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy in women who dont already have diabetes. High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can cause problems for the mother and the baby, and they can increase the chance of having a miscarriage. Learn more about gestational diabetes.
- About 6 percent of U.S. women who gave birth in 2016 had gestational diabetes.2
- About 50 percent of U.S. women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.3
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Diabetes Facts And Statistics
Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. High blood glucose can cause health problems over time. The main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational. Learn more from the Diabetes Overview.
- Total: An estimated 34.2 million people have diabetes .
- Diagnosed: An estimated 26.9 million people of all ages have been diagnosed with diabetes .
- Of the people diagnosed with diabetes, 210,000 are children and adolescents younger than age 20 years, including 187,000 with type 1 diabetes.
View the full report: National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2020 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention .
According to the American Diabetes Associations Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S., the total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2017 was $327 billion, including $237 billion in direct medical costs and $90 billion in reduced productivity.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
Signs are often subtle, but they can become severe. They include:
- Extreme thirst
- Heavy, labored breathing
- Frequent infections of your skin, urinary tract, or vagina
- Crankiness or mood changes
- Bedwetting in a child whoâs been dry at night
Signs of an emergency with type 1 diabetes include:
- Shaking and confusion
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Will Both Rates Of Diabetes Continue To Climb
The University of Iowa says Bao expects more Americans to report type 2 diabetes as a result of the ongoing obesity epidemic. But he also wouldnt be surprised if more adults have type 1 diabetes because of improved treatments that keep patients alive longer. To that point, he told them, Type 1 diabetes used to be lethal for children years ago and so children who had the disease had shorter lifespans, he says. Now, treatment has been improved to be so effective that a lot of children will survive well into adulthood.
Prevalence And Incidence Of Type 1 Diabetes In Africa
Prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes were extracted from meta-analysis studies. In type 1 diabetes incidence, the heterogeneity between studies in the meta-analysis was not significant and in the prevalence of diabetes 1, the heterogeneity was not significant too, . The incidence of type 1 diabetes in Africa was 8 per 100 000 population, which was statistically significant , and the prevalence of type 1 diabetes was 3.5 per 10 000 people, which was not statistically significant . show the forest plot of prevalence and incidence of type 1 diabetes in Africa.
Incidence and prevalence of type 1 diabetes in Africa.
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Is Type 1 Diabetes An Autoimmune Disease
When type 1 diabetes is triggered by a virus, someone predisposed to autoimmune conditions may develop an autoimmune response. This means that their bodys immune system will start attacking its own cells. In type 1 diabetes, the body attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin.
About Type 1 Diabetes Statistics
First, let’s talk about how reporting the incidence of all type 1 diabetes cases is challenging. There are two main reasons for this: age and diabetes type. Here’s why:
- Peak age of diagnosis of type 1 diabetes isaround 13 or 14, according to the CDC. According to the International DiabetesFederation ‘s 2019 Diabetes Atlas, type 1diabetes is likely the major cause of diabetes in children.
- This young age at diagnosis is likely what contributes to type 1 diabetes statistics in adults being”very limited,” according to the August 2018 book Diabetes in America from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and KidneyDiseases .
- Most studies and databases like SEARCH, the largest,most comprehensive surveillance study of diabetes in younger people in the U.S.to date, launched by the CDC and NIDDK in 2000 break out some statistics by type 1 or type 2 diabetes, but oftencombine the two diabetes types into overarching diabetes stats. This makes itdifficult to define some diabetes statistics by type.
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Data Sources And Search Strategy
The databases of Medline via , Embase, Scopus, Web of Science from January 1980 to September 2019 were searched to locate English articles. Also, SID, Magiran, and Barakat databases were searched for Persian studies. The grey literature and ongoing studies were searched using the following: OpenGrey, Google Scholar and for thesis and dissertations ProQuest and studies presented at conferences were also searched. Also, experts and professionals on this subject were reached and their opinions were gathered for information on published and unpublished studies. The search was performed using MESH and free keywords. The keywords selected for the search were: type 1 diabetes, prevalence, and incidence with this search strategy: OR OR T1DM) OR Type 1 Diabetes) OR Autoimmune Diabetes) OR Juvenile Onset Diabetes) OR Juvenile-Onset Diabetes) OR Brittle Diabetes Mellitus) OR brittle diabetes) OR diabetes mellitus type 1) OR diabetes mellitus type I) OR diabetes type 1) OR diabetes type I) OR early onset diabetes mellitus) OR insulin dependent diabetes) OR juvenile diabetes) OR juvenile diabetes mellitus) OR type I diabetes) OR type I diabetes mellitus) OR Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus) OR Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus))) AND OR OR Prevalences))) OR OR OR Incidences))). The complete search strategy of Medline and Embase is in Supplementary file 1.
Developing Countries: The Global Epidemic
Type 1 diabetes is an increasing global public health burden. The demands of daily management, chronicity of the disease, potential complications, paucity of diabetes specialists, and rising incidence are challenging in the U.S., but these issues, including the considerable cost of management, are crippling for those in the developing world. International organizations play a major role in improving care for individuals with type 1 diabetes in the developing world, but implementable, cost-saving, and sustainable strategies are needed to make such programs successful .
Additional Considerations For Pediatrics
All children require some level of adult supervision in managing their diabetes. Assessments of pediatric patients should address issues specific to infants/preschoolers, school-aged children, adolescents, and emerging adults . Health care providers should do a thorough assessment of the developmental needs of the youth , focusing on physical and emotional development, family issues, and psychosocial needs. The diabetes treatment plan should be individualized and tailored to the needs of individual patients and their families. Efforts to achieve target blood glucose and A1C levels should be balanced with preservation of quality of life and protect against excessive hypoglycemia.
Height and weight should be measured at each visit and tracked via appropriate height and weight growth charts. An age-adjusted BMI can be calculated starting at age 2 years. These tools can be found for children and teens at . Blood pressure measurements should be determined correctly, using the appropriate size cuff and with the child seated and relaxed. Hypertension should be confirmed on at least 3 separate days. Normal blood pressure levels for age, sex, and height and appropriate methods for determinations are available online at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/heart/hbp/hbp_ped.pdf.
Us Prevalence In Young People
About 1.6 million Americans have type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association .
Here is the number of people ages 19 and younger who have type 1 diabetes in each state, along with the prevalence rate, to put that number into better context. States are ranked in order of prevalence. Stats are from 2001 through 2016 , compiled by the CDC:
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Diabetes Prevalence In Ireland
There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. The differences and similarities between the two conditions are outlined here. In the absence of a register of people who have diabetes no-one can be entirely sure how many people in Ireland live with diabetes.
OverviewThe total number of people living with diabetes in Ireland is estimated to be 225,840.
The International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas estimate that there are 207,490 people with diabetes in Ireland in the 20 79 age group which is in line with previous estimates that by 2020 there would be 233,000 people with the condition, and by 2030 there would be 278,850 people with the condition.
Type 1 DiabetesThe prevalence of Type 1 Diabetes, an auto-immune condition, is on the rise and is typically diagnosed in childhood. People with type 1 diabetes account for approximately 20,000 of the total diabetes population in Ireland i.e. 10-15% of the population of people living with diabetes.It is estimated there are 2,750 people under 16 years of age living with Type 1 diabetes results and other young adults under 20 years attending transition clinics). Revised September 2019
Type 2 Diabetes
It is estimated that there are over 15,600 people over 80 years of age living with Type 2 diabetes based on the TILDA study which showed a prevalence of 11.9% in the over 75 age group. The International Diabetes Federations estimates that by 2030 there will be 278,850 people with the condition .
Quick Facts About Type 1 Diabetes
- Approximately 400,000 people are currently living with type 1 diabetes in the UK, including around 29,000 children.
- The number of new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes is increasing by about four per cent each year.
- In children under five, the incidence of type 1 diabetes is rising by five per cent each year.
- Among children with diabetes in England and Wales, 96 per cent have type 1 diabetes.
- Around 85 per cent of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes have no family history of the condition.
- Although it used to be referred to as juvenile diabetes, around half of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes are in people over the age of 18.
- The UK has one of the highest rates of type 1 diabetes in the world, for reasons that are currently unknown.
- A person with type 1 diabetes will have around 65,000 injections and measure their blood glucose more than 80,000 times in their lifetime.
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Transition Of Care From Pediatric To Adult Providers
As youth transition into emerging adulthood, the supportive infrastructure often abruptly disappears and glycemic control tends to deteriorate. The ADA recognizes that this is a challenging time and recommends a strong, practical transition plan to anticipate the upcoming changes. A successful transition plan should be initiated early and include ongoing dialogue between the family and youth. The discussion should include finances, insurance, obtainment of supplies, identification of an adult care provider , psychosocial issues , and other issues identified by the family/youth. Health care providers, family, and youth should agree to an achievable diabetes management plan and provide resources for unanticipated issues. We refer the reader to the ADAs position statement on diabetes care for emerging adults .
provides the childhood developmental phases and needs. , , and provide detailed elements of the initial and follow-up evaluation in individuals with type 1 diabetes.
Assessing the history of acute complications is important. Providers should provide continuing education for the patient/family to prevent ongoing recurrence. For example, it is important to review exercise management to reduce hypoglycemia risk and discuss sick-day management to reduce DKA risk.
Diabetes Statistics By Type
There are four types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes: An autoimmune attack on pancreas cells stops them from creating insulin, so people with Type 1 need to take insulin shots every day. In most cases, Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in children and teens, but it can manifest in adults as well.
- Type 2 diabetes: People with Type 2 can produce insulin, but their bodies resist it. When blood sugar is consistently high, the pancreas continuously pumps out insulin, and eventually, cells become overexposed. Type 2 is by far the most common type of diabetes and one that typically develops in adults however, the rate of Type 2 diabetes in children is increasing.
- Gestational diabetes: This type only occurs in pregnant women and typically goes away after childbirth however, half of women who have gestational diabetes will develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. Treatment includes a doctor-recommended exercise and meal plan. Sometimes daily blood glucose tests and insulin injections are necessary.
- Prediabetes: Prediabetes isnt technically diabetes. Its more like a precursor. A prediabetic persons blood glucose is consistently above average, but not high enough to warrant a full diabetes diagnosis. People with prediabetes can help prevent Type 2 diabetes by implementing a healthy diet, increased physical activity, and stress management.
Heres how prevalent each type of diabetes is:
Glycemic Control Goals In Adults
Similar to in children, the care of older adults with diabetes is complicated by their clinical and functional heterogeneity. Unlike the large older adult population with type 2 diabetes, which includes patients with both long-standing and new-onset diabetes, most older adults with type 1 diabetes have long-standing disease. Even so, there is a wide spectrum of health across older individuals. They may have advanced complications, or they may have lived with diabetes for many years without the development of complications. Some older patients have multiple comorbid conditions and/or impairments of physical or cognitive functioning, while others have little comorbidity and high functional status. Life expectancy is highly variable and is defined by comorbidity and functional status more than it is by age.
Incidence And Prevalence Of Type 1 Diabetes
The exact number of individuals with type 1 diabetes around the world is not known, but in the U.S., there are estimated to be up to 3 million . Although it has long been called juvenile diabetes due to the more frequent and relatively straightforward diagnosis in children, the majority of individuals with type 1 diabetes are adults.
Most children are referred and treated in tertiary centers, where clinical data are more readily captured. The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study estimated that, in 2009, 18,436 U.S. youth were newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes . Worldwide, 78,000 youth are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes annually. Incidence varies tremendously among countries: East Asians and American Indians have the lowest incidence rates as compared with the Finnish who have the highest rates . In the U.S., the number of youth with type 1 diabetes was estimated to be 166,984 .
The precise incidence of new-onset type 1 diabetes in those over 20 years of age is unknown. This may be due to the prolonged phase of onset and the subtleties in distinguishing the different types of diabetes. In one European study of adults aged 3070 years, 9% tested positive for GAD antibodies within 5 years of a diabetes diagnosis, consistent with other studies .
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Diabetes Statistics By Age
Theres a greater prevalence of diabetes among older age groups, especially for Type 2 diabetes, which takes longer to develop.
- Of the Americans with diagnosed diabetes, 3.6 million are 18 to 44 years old, 11.7 million are 45 to 64 years old, and 11.5 million are older than 65.
- There are 210,000 cases of diagnosed diabetes among children and adolescents younger than 20, including 187,000 cases of Type 1 diabetes.
- Of the Americans with undiagnosed diabetes, 1.4 million are 18 to 44, 3.1 million are 45 to 64, and 2.9 million are older than 65.
- Approximately 24.2 million adults aged 65 and older have prediabetes.