Monitor Your Blood Glucose More Frequently
Check your blood sugar when you wake up, before meals and before bedtime, Nosova suggests. Contact your doctor if it stays above 250 mg/dL for one hour, since you could be at risk for DKA, which occurs when the body burns fat for energy and creates high levels of blood acids, known as ketones. Eventually, these ketones can poison the body. If you use finger sticks to check your glucose, it’s especially important to wash your hands thoroughly before doing so, Nosova says. If anyone else is assisting with a finger prick, make sure they’re practicing good hygiene, too.”
Treatment For Low Blood Sugar Levels
For those with low blood sugar levels, management and treatment is a little easier to do yourself. If you find your blood sugar is too low and you notice symptoms, always seek medical attention. They will aid you with what necessary precautions to take if the reading is extremely low.
Most of the time, the following treatment methods are advised to do at home yourself. Having a sugary drink or snack can help increase blood sugar levels and balance out and improve any symptoms. Even a small juice of juice or sweets can improve weakness and similar symptoms.
After youve consumed a sugary drink or snack, it is recommended to test your blood sugar level again. If it has increased and you feel better then you should consume a carbohydrate containing meal, such as bread, biscuits or milk. It is advised to eat a small meal to prevent any further drop in blood sugar.
For normal people without diabetes, it is sometimes advised to consume daily supplements that are beneficial for increasing insulin sensitivity and balancing your blood, its sugars and pressures. You can seek medical advice for those from a doctor. Some options may include supplements such as Garcinia Cambogia, which has shown results for increasing insulin sensitivity.
You may be wondering exactly how you can read and calculate your blood sugar level, as it advised to do so for both treatments. If you wish to calculate your blood sugar level, here is how to do so:
Consequences Of Blood Sugar Levels
Whilst most symptoms of low and high blood sugar levels are mild, they can worsen if left untreated and sometimes have long term consequences and/or complications. Overtime, a high blood sugar level is what can cause consequences. Lack of treatment can cause severe damage to the blood vessels and lead to complications such as:
- Heart attack
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Why Are Sd And Cv Important To Know
Dr. Robert Vigersky shared the following three reasons:
Glycemic variability may be an independent risk factor for diabetes complications. This is still controversial and not proven. For those desiring a deeper dive, this foundational paper from 2006 in JAMA links glycemic variability to oxidative stress. See follow-up papers from 2008 and 2011.
High glycemic variability makes you feel bad: the ups and downs from fluctuating glucose levels are exhausting, even if the average looks okay. Dr. Forlenza put it this way: I often describe higher SD or CV to my patients as the feeling that theyre always high or low and not having normal values. Higher glycemic variability often reflects greater frustration with diabetes its that my numbers are all over the place feeling.
SD/CV reflect variability in a single number, which can be more digestible than juggling many numbers. The larger the variability, the greater the risk of disabling hypoglycemia.
To give some life to these numbers, lets take a look at a few daily examples from Adams CGM data one with more variability, one with less variability, and one with extremely low variability. These are intended to be illustrative and not for comparison. Many experts reminded us that all three of these days have lower variability and lower mean glucose levels than what many people with diabetes experience it also helps to keep in mind that numbers are just information to make a decision, not judgment or grades .
What Are Blood Sugar Levels
Blood sugar levels, also known as blood glucose level, is the level of sugar/glucose present in the blood. Glucose is a simple version of sugar which comes from the food we eat. Therefore, the more food you consume with high sugar levels over a period of time, will typically increase your blood sugar level.
Glucose comes from the foods we eat and its sugar content. When a person consumes a food with high sugar content, that is turned into glucose. The glucose is then absorbed into the bloodstream with the support of insulin. This is then distributed between the bodys cells and used as energy.
Foods high in glucose include most carbohydrates and a handful of proteins and fats. Most foods contain glucose as it is simply a natural sugar that occurs in most dietary forms. However, it is carbohydrates that contain the most sugar and 100% of it turns into glucose, through the process mentioned above, once consumed. The concentration of glucose present in the blood will determine your blood sugar level.
Here is a quick video explaining Blood sugar levels chart :
Your blood sugar level can either be low, normal or high. Depending on what you eat and health conditions, it will vary from person to person. Here is a breakdown of how your blood sugar works and how low or high blood sugar levels happens:
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My Blood Sugar Was 70 Yesterday And Today It Is 139 Is This Bad
Hi there. Could you elaborate on whether you measured your blood glucose levels in a 8-10 hour fasting state, say early in the morning or about 2 hrs after a major meal or just randomly at any time of the day without really noticing the time gap from your last meal ? Thing is, these three kinds of measurements have separate ranges for being considered normal or a Diabetic. FBS – Normal range Done in an 810 hr fasting state. Blood sugar ranging from > 110 to 125 mg/dL is cobsidered pre-diabetic and a level above 125 mg/dL in a 8-hr fasting state is considered Diabetic. PPBS -Normally below 140 mg/dL. Lower level would depend on what a person eats before the test and their usual blood sugar control. Usually somewhere around 8090 mg/dL for a healthy person. Anything between these two is a normal value. Done 2 hrs after a heavy meal. Blood sugar between > 140 to < 200 mg/dL is again a pre-diabetic state known as Impaired Glucose Tolerance. Level above 200 mg/dL is a Diabetic level. RBS Normal range between 80-120 mg/dL. Not very accurate or regulated hence not normally preferred in follow-ups and monitoring for Diabetes patients. Hope these ranges help. Best is to try and devise a diet best suited to your body type and requirements such that the FBS stays below 100, PPBS stays below 130 and RBS at any given instant again stays below 110. Continue reading > >
Remedies For Low Blood Sugar Levels
If you experience any of the low sugar symptoms, immediately test your blood glucose levels. For levels between 60 to 80 mg/dL, consume 15 grams of fast-acting carbs. Repeat the test after 15 minutes and eat till sugar levels settle to normal.
But if the levels are below 50 mg/dL and if the patient is conscious and able to eat, give 15 gm. of fast-acting carbs. But if the patient is unable to speak, dont give anything to eat. Call emergency services immediately. If possible, administer glucagon via injection.
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Who Should Do The Test
According to the American Diabetes Association, screening for diabetes is recommended in people over 45 , or at any age if you have certain risk factors, including :
- Being overweight, obese, or physically inactive
- Having a close relative with diabetes
- Belonging to a certain race/ethnic group
- Having signs of insulin resistance or conditions associated with insulin resistance, such as high blood pressure , low good cholesterol and/or high triglycerides , and polycystic ovary syndrome
- Having had diabetes in pregnancy
What To Know About Diabetes And Hot Flashes
Hot flashes are a symptom that most people associate with menopause. However, diabetes and hot flashes also have a complex relationship. In fact, research has shown that women who experience hot flashes are more likely to develop diabetes later in life. Furthermore, some diabetics experience hot flashes as a part of their condition. In this article, we explore the link between diabetes and hot flashes. Read on to learn more.
Diabetes is an endocrine disorder, which means that it impacts many different systems in our body. Because of this, its harder to maintain a steady internal body temperature, a process called thermoregulation. Diabetes throws off the bodys natural ability to balance body temperature.
High or low blood sugar levels can lead to hyperhidrosis or anhidrosis . Hyperhidrosis is more commonly experienced in those with diabetes and may signal a need for tighter glucose management. Anhidrosis or reduced or absent sweating is less common but may be experienced in the feet or legs of people with diabetic neuropathy.
Research shows that up to 84% of people with diabetes experience sweating when theyre hypoglycemic, with the most common sweat area being behind the neck. Fortunately sweating in those with diabetes is often due to mildly low blood sugar episodes that usually go away shortly after you take in some sugar.
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Benefits Of Lowering Your A1c Test Result
Keeping your A1C test results low can significantly reduce the risk of long-term diabetes complications such as nerve problems, damage to your eyes, kidney disease and heart problems.3
1American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes2017 . Diabetes Care. 2017 40: S1-S135. Available at: . Accessed July 28, 2017.
2Nathan DM, Kuenen J, Borg R, Zheng H, Schoenfeld D, Heine RJ. Translating the A1C assay into estimated average glucose values. Diabetes Care. 2008 31: 1473-1478. Available at . Accessed July 28, 2017.
3American Diabetes Association. A1C and eAG. Available at: . Accessed July 28, 2017.
4Tylee TS, Trence DL. Glycemic variability: looking beyond the A1C. Diabetes Spectrum. 2012 24: 149-153. Available at . Accessed July 28, 2017.
Example : Less Variability
Lets take a look at another day with the exact same average glucose of 123 mg/dl, but this time, with much less variability. On July 23rd, Adams average glucose was also 123 mg/dl the same average as the high variability day above. However, the SD was much lower at 36 mg/dl, which translated to a CV of 29% . On this day, despite the same average glucose as October 15th , Adams time spent in range was 70%, much higher than the first example, and the CV here was about half the level in the first example. Adams time in hypoglycemia was also much lower at 2.8% though even that is still about 40 minutes.
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When To See A Healthcare Provider
Getting professional medical advice from a healthcare provider like an endocrinologist is the best way to learn more about whether your blood sugar levels are where they should be. Not getting proper treatment for low or high blood sugar levels can be serious and lead to health complications, especially for those with diabetes. Diabetes complications include nerve damage, kidney disease, heart disease, or heart attacks.
If you see a healthcare provider about your blood sugar levels, be prepared to answer questions about risk factors like what you eat, how much you exercise, and about your family history. Some healthcare providers may want to take a blood sample to test your blood sugar levels. They may also order an A1C test, which is a blood test that measures blood sugar levels over several months. You may have to fast eight hours beforehand to get accurate test results, so its always a good idea to check before your appointment.
If your blood sugar level goes above 250 mg/dL, you should go to the ER for immediate medical attention, says Dr. Tarugu. Emergency rooms are equipped to handle high blood sugar levels and can administer treatments like insulin therapy and fluid or electrolyte replacement.
What Is Mean Glucose Whats A Good Target
Mean glucose is another way of saying average glucose. Its an overall measure of blood sugars over a period of time, offering a single high-level view of where glucose has been. A lower mean glucose often indicates fewer high blood sugars however, it can also indicate a lot of low blood sugars are occurring.
Many experts look for a mean glucose of less than 154 mg/dl in adults with diabetes, which approximates to an A1C less than 7% . In kids, the target is slightly higher: an A1C less than 7.5%, which corresponds to mean glucose of 170 mg/dl. Some professional organizations also advocate for lower A1C levels in adults around 6.5%.
However, these are population averages. As weve discussed previously, in Whats a Normal A1C? When is it Misleading?, the relationship between A1C and mean glucose can vary quite a bit from person to person. Still, aiming for a mean glucose of less than 154 mg/dl in adults and less than 170 mg/dl in kids is a good starting point for most check with your healthcare team, of course, if you are making major changes. Over the long term, the goal is the lowest possible average glucose without frequent, prolonged, or severe hypoglycemia, based on evidence from the DCCT and UKPDS.
For those wondering, in people without diabetes, mean glucose is typically 100 mg/dl or less, which corresponds to an A1C of less than 5.7% . The cutoff for diagnosing diabetes is an A1C of 6.5%, corresponding to a mean glucose of roughly 135 mg/dl.
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Normal Blood Sugar Levels Chart For Diabetic Adults Age Wise
|Chart of Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Diabetic Adults|
|100 to 140 mg/dL|
Healthy blood sugar levels in diabetic adults age wise:
Healthy diabetic adults should maintain a blood sugar level of 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after 2 hours of meals. Pregnant women should maintain a blood sugar level of 95-140 mg/dL to avoid complications. This can be done with the right habits in place that help you maintain your sugar level without getting stressed about it.
Can You Have High A1c And Not Be Diabetic
According to one 2009 study, 3.8% of people without a history of diabetes have an elevated A1C level . This group is more likely to have other risk factors for Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Researchers found that the following groups were more likely to have an elevated A1C without having a diagnosis of diabetes:
- Higher C-reactive protein levels
A high A1C result might signal that there is a problem. Even a modest increase in your blood sugar, above normal levels, can increase your risk of heart disease, even when you dont have full-blown diabetes, says Dr. Bellatoni. A physician can review test results and talk to patients about risk factors and lifestyle changes to improve blood sugar levels.
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Who Should Monitor Blood Sugar Levels
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, monitoring your blood sugar regularly will help you understand how medication like insulin, food, and physical activity affect your blood glucose. It also allows you to catch rising blood sugar levels early. It is the most important thing you can do to prevent complications from diabetes such as heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation.
Other people who may benefit from checking their blood glucose regularly include those:
- Taking insulin
Managing Diabetes: Why You Should Monitor Blood Sugar Levels
When it comes to diabetes, health experts say that blood sugar testing is important so as to help control blood sugar levels, and most importantly, to avoid other health complications.
Etienne Ingabire, Director of Rwanda Diabetes Association, says it is crucial for patients living with diabetes to check their blood pressure regularly, and this can be achieved by self-testing blood sugar .
This not only helps in managing diabetes but also prevents complications. Tests can be done either at home with a portable electronic device or simply visiting any health care for your routine check-ups, he says.
He explains that ones blood pressure naturally goes up and down all the time and that adjusting to your hearts needs depending on what you are doing is vital.
To understand this, medics note that high blood pressure is when the blood pressure is persistently higher than normal. A blood pressure reading under 120/80mmHg is considered optimal. On the other hand, readings over 120/80mmHg and up to 139/89mmHg are in the normal to high normal range.
Why it is important
Dr Simon Pierre Niyonsenga, the Diabetes, Renal, Respiratory and Other Metabolic Diseases Programs Director at Rwanda Biomedical Center , says blood sugar level is the amount of glucose in the blood.
He explains that glucose is the main sugar found in the bloodstream, and its level can rise and fall for various reasons and throughout the day.
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