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Is Milk Bad For Type 2 Diabetes



Overall Conclusions/public Health Relevance And Possible Impact For Public Health Recommendations

Based on the reviewed evidence, epidemiological data and RCTs suggest that there is a neutral or moderate inverse association between dairy consumption and T2D risk. Yogurt was especially associated with a lower T2D risk. Therefore, more and better data from epidemiological studies and RCTs are needed on the impact of dairy consumption on glucose homeostasis. Specifically, there are several key research questions that need to be answered to optimize the benefits of dairy consumption and to close the gaps in the existing knowledge:

How does an individual’s phenotypic status, such as age, sex, weight, disease status, metabolic status, and gut microbiota composition, affect their glucoregulatory responses to different types of dairy consumption?

  • How does high-/low-fat, high-/low-sugar, high-/low-protein dairy affect T2D risk?

  • What are the underlying mechanisms that explain the inverse association between yogurt and T2D risk?

  • Coffee With Milk Vs Cream Vs Creamer What Is The Difference In The Effect On Diabetes

    You may wonder the difference between milk, cream, and coffee creamer. Do they have sugar? Is white coffee a go for diabetic individuals?

    We shall be looking into some of these things as we read on.

    The best way to start the exploration is by identifying what’s in milk, cream and creamer and then to identify their effects on diabetes.

    Liquid Vs Powder Coffee Creamers What Is The Difference In The Effect On Diabetes

    Powder coffee creamer has more shelf life than liquid coffee creamer, but how are they different. Let’s compare their nutritional facts and ingredients on labels to see the difference.

    • Soybean & Cottonseed Oil,
    • Mono- & Diglycerides.

    Non-Dairy liquid creamers contain low fat, low sodium, low calories, no trans fat, and no artificial flavors or coloring. But it includes 2 different, highly processed added sugars.

    Tip: These are the best glucose monitors of the year. Make a guess why Dario couldn’t join the list?

    What To Look For In A Coffee Creamer Label When Choosing A Creamer For Diabetes

    It is important to check labels for nutritional facts when purchasing a coffee creamer. There are some ingredients to watch out for in those labels.

    • Added sugar

    Added sugar is present in creamers to add sweetness to it, even in some unsweetened creamers there are traces of added sugar present.

    Corn syrup is an example of such sugar, if you find it as an ingredient in your coffee creamer label then take note of the quantity of creamer you add to your cup of coffee. Large quantity may cause blood sugar spikes. Although some people are on a strict no-sugar diet and as such shouldn’t consume it.

    • Carbohydrate

    Carbohydrates contribute to the amount of sugar in a creamer. Note the amount per serving and your daily sugar intake. Checking your blood glucose levels after a meal helps you monitor your sugar intake as well.

    • Trans-fat

    Trans-fat is a big NO for diabetes.

    They may come in traces, but regular consumption doesn’t help it just increases the risk of heart disease and stroke for a type 2 diabetic.

    You will see it as partially hydrogenated oil in the ingredients section, so take note.

    • Casein

    Sodium caseinate is a milk derivative, used as a dairy substitute but still contains lactose. For individuals with a milk allergy or vegan, check for Casein in the product label.

    • Saturated fat

    Saturated fat consumed in high quantity doesn’t help a diabetic same as trans-fat, so monitor your daily intake and take necessary precaution.

    • High fructose

    Current Status Of Research In Relation To Prevention Prediabetes And T2d

    Is Milk Bad For Type 2 Diabetes?

    The evidence from available prospective cohort studies and RCTs has both strengths and also weaknesses . Most prospective cohort studies have investigated risk factors in large populations with long follow-up periods, but one can never exclude residual confounding in cohort studies. The approach of Mendelian Randomization is recognized as a useful approach in epidemiological studies to demonstrate strong evidence of causality between diet and disease outcomes. To our knowledge, very few Mendelian Randomization studies have been done to investigate the association between dairy consumption and T2D risk, and the genes used are milk related and not yogurt or cheese related. For example, lactase gene was used by the study of Bergholdt et al. to investigate dairy consumption and T2D risk; however, fermented dairy products have a lower content of lactose than milk, thus, using a lactase gene to examine the association between fermented dairy products and T2D risk may result in underestimated results. In addition, because the effect of confounding factors is always an issue of concern in nutritional epidemiology, comparisons of dairy products with other foods should be investigated in replacement models to take into account the background diet; however, this type of research is still very limited .

    Evidence From Prospective Cohort Studies On Dairy Products And T2d Risk

    A number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses have published evidence on the association between dairy products and T2D. The most recent meta-analysis of Gijsbers et al. in 2016 performed a dose–response meta-analysis to quantify the associations of incident T2D with total dairy and types of dairy consumption at different amountsof intake. The meta-analyses of Gao et al. and Aune et al. were both dose–response meta-analyses and of similar design to Gijsbers et al. , and will therefore be discussed in the following sections. Using similar search strategies and inclusion and exclusion criteria for study selection as Gijsbers et al. , 4 new prospective cohort studies were identified with data on dairy and incident diabetes. All the cohort studies mentioned in the meta-analyses of Gijsbers et al. , Aune et al. , Gao et al. , and more recently published studies are summarized in Supplemental Table 1.

    One Cup Of Unsweetened And Unsweetened Vanilla Almond Milk Contains:

    • 30 calories 
    • 2.5 grams of fat 
    • 150 milligrams of sodium 

    Obviously, sweetened regular and chocolate almond milk, which are often sweetened with cane sugar, contain more calories and carbohydrate than the unsweetened variety. Also, unsweetened almond milk has a low glycemic index of 25, which means that it’s less likely to cause rapid spikes in glucose levels.  

    A drawback of almond milk is the low protein content. At just one gram of protein per one-cup serving, almond milk is not a good source of protein . However, some companies are now adding plant protein to almond milk. An example is Orgain Organic Protein Almondmilk, which contains 10 grams of protein per one-cup serving.  

    What Effect Does Eating Dairy Foods Have On My Blood Glucose Levels

    The glycaemic index tells us whether a food raises blood glucose levels quickly, moderately or slowly. This means it can be useful to help you manage your diabetes. Carbohydrates are digested and absorbed at different rates, and GI is a ranking of how quickly each carbohydrate-based food and drink makes blood glucose levels rise after eating them. Milk and other dairy food generally have a low GI because of the moderate GI effect of the lactose , plus the effect of the milk protein, which slows down the rate of stomach emptying.

    Let Us Have A Brief Look On The Mechanism Of Gestational Diabetes :

    Diabetes is the condition where there is high blood sugar levels in the body. Here the body either fails to produce enough insulin or fails to use the available Insulin thoroughly and efficiently for the normal functioning of the body. Insulin plays an effective role as it helps to absorb the glucose present in the bloodstream by the cells to produce energy for the proper functioning of the body. As in diabetes due to improper functioning of insulin the glucose gets accumulated in the body leading to risk factors .

    Diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy is termed as gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed by a glucose tolerance test. If gestational diabetes is untreated it could lead to many complications to the infant and to the maternal body.

    Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is usually done in the later pregnancy .i.e. between the 24th week and 28th week of gestation. This is because the placenta starts producing more and more hormones that interfere with the mother’s insulin, that is making the maternal body insulin resistant.

    Various factors raise the risk of a pregnant woman of developing gestational diabetes such as:

  • Overweight,
  • Accumulation of blood glucose in the body or untreated gestational diabetes can lead to :

    • Excessive birth weight of the baby,
    • The mother having low blood pressure after birth,
    • Baby having Jaundice after birth. Thus, it becomes important to pay extra attention to women with gestational diabetes.

     

    Diabetes Type 2: Dr Zoe Williams Discusses High Blood Sugar Risks

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    Type 2 diabetes means the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not taken up by the cells. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar – the main type of sugar found in blood. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause a torrent of destruction on the body and a person may be unwittingly increasing their risk by drinking milk.

    When Is Coffee Good For Diabetics And Benefits Of Drinking Coffee

    Low sugar, refined carbs and overall healthy diet is the required measure for reducing progression and treating diabetes. Various studies and research have proven that coffee is and can be a part of that dietthat could treat, prevent and even possibly reverse type 2 diabetes.

    In a study conducted by the American Diabetes Association, showed that regular coffee is better than decaffeinated drinks. Individuals who consumed regular coffee over a space of time showed lower sugar and insulin levels this could even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

    A very recent review published by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has discovered that for every cup of caffeinated coffee, there is a 9 % reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes.

    While many other studies have shown that caffeinated coffee reduces type 2 diabetes risk, it may be problematic for insulin impaired individuals, so take note of that.

    Tip: Don’t caught-up with Type 2 Diabetes Myths, especially Food Myths.

    Summary Of Evidence From Prospective Cohort Studies And Rcts

    Evidence from prospective cohort studies and RCTs suggests that dairy consumption has a neutral or moderately beneficial effect on glucose homeostasis and T2D risk. One advantage of the prospective cohort studies is that they can show the long-term association between dairy consumption and a disease outcome, such as incident T2D . However, analyses of prospective cohort studies have important limitations. For example, residual confounding can never be ruled out from prospective cohort studies, which may have led to the inconsistent findings in studies on dairy consumption and T2D. Furthermore, the definitions of the dairy foods consumed vary substantially across different cohort studies. For example, high-fat dairy in a study by Montonen et al. included cheese, cream, ice cream, and yogurt, whereas high-fat dairy in a study by Soedamah-Muthu et al. was defined as full-fat cheese, yogurt, milk puddings, whole milk, and Channel Island milk. Therefore, additional epidemiological studies should assess the associations between different well-defined types of dairy consumption and T2D risk. In addition, in most longitudinal cohort studies, dairy consumption was only reported at baseline but not during the follow-up period. Thus, it is unknown whether or not the conclusions are affected by dietary changes with time.

    Does Dairy Raise Insulin Levels And Increase Diabetes Risk

    The Best Milk Options for People with Diabetes

    Selected for you this week: A blogpost on the association between dairy consumption and a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes, by Greg Miller. Every week, we bring you valuable quotes from around the web on yogurt.

    The incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the United States is high – so it’s not surprising that people ask whether specific foods, like dairy, can increase their risk of developing this disease.

    To give a complete answer, we need to take a step back and educate our clients about what happens in the body when we eat. As with every food, when dairy foods are eaten there is a rise in glucose, or blood sugar, which the body uses for energy. This results in the release of insulin – which is a normal, healthy response to a meal.

    Insulin unlocks the body’s cells to let glucose in so it can be used for energy. Insulin helps regulate blood sugar. When its job is done, blood levels of insulin go back down. In healthy people, a rise in insulin after eating does not increase the risk of T2D. Here is additional information on insulin.

    Once everyone is on board with a basic understanding of the physiology and role of insulin in the body, here are a few other points to consider in your response to this question about dairy foods and insulin:

    Yes You Can Eat Chocolate With Type 2 Diabetes Heres How

    Anna Panzarella, RD

    Finding room in a diabetes-friendly diet to fit in indulgences can be tricky—especially if you are a notorious chocoholic. If we are being honest, it is nearly impossible to find an equally satisfying replacement for good, old-fashioned chocolate. The good news is, even if you are working on managing your blood sugar levels, chocolate can be a part of an overall healthy, diabetes-friendly diet. Here are a few tips to get your chocolate fix without derailing your diabetes management plan.

    1. Choose quality over quantity

    While this mantra is applicable to almost any food, it is especially important for more processed foods like chocolate. If you are looking for a simple chocolate bar, look for one that has few ingredients and minimal additives This might mean skipping the typical Easter or Halloween candy—or at the very least eating them only very occasionally—and opting for a higher-quality chocolate bar to indulge in more often.

    Darker chocolate contains higher amounts of antioxidants, which protect cells from damage. Dark chocolate also tends to be lower in sugar and can curb a chocolate craving in small amounts.

    Not a fan of dark chocolate? Look for milk chocolate options that contain the least amount of ingredients. And be mindful of portion sizes – milk chocolate tends to be higher in sugar and saturated fat.

    2. Savor the moment

    3. Pair it with other flavorful foods

    4. Avoid total chocolate deprivation

    5. Time your treats appropriately

    What Are The Substitutes For Coffee Creamer For Diabetics

    If you’re looking to try something different for your coffee ritual, try using these coffees creamer alternatives that are both healthy and nutritious, not to mention sugar-free.

    • Whipped coconut cream

    Whipped coconut cream is an excellent substitute for the regular whipped stuff and has no sugar.

    • Coconut oil

    Quite odd, but coconut oil is packed with MCT , meaning it’s easy to metabolize compared to other fats. It has also been said to be a good performance enhancer, and worth a try.

    • Cacao butter

    Now, this butter tastes like chocolate, adding a teaspoon to your hot cup of coffee, melts it and gives you that sweet chocolate flavor.

    • Butter

    Grass-fed fat is a healthy fat recommendation. Adding butter to coffee has become a thing and is said to slow the body’s response to caffeine.

    • Spices

    Just as it says, spices can be an excellent substitute for coffee creamer.

    Someone recently invented Chai latte, made with cinnamon, turmeric, black pepper and 5 Chinese spice powder. Surprisingly, tastes good too.

    • Unsweetened almond milk

    Almond milk is light and breaks down faster than other milk, it’s also a good substitute for coffee creamer.

    • Ice

    Yes, ice.

    Cold brew coffee is something to try if you don’t want it naked, adding ice won’t be a bad idea.

    Cold-brewed coffee is said to be 67 % less acidic and suitable for people who experience heartburn.

    • Honey

    Honey in coffee is a perfect substitute for white/refined sugar.

    • Egg yolk

    Is Dairy Ultimately Good Or Bad For Blood Glucose Levels

    We lack a clear consensus on whether dairy’s insulinogenic effect is ultimately beneficial or harmful to our metabolic health. Some studies show dairy consumption can lead to reduced insulin sensitivity and increased insulin resistance:

    • One study of 272 middle-aged women without diabetes . Notably, the association remained even after controlling for mitigating factors like age, body weight, body fat, energy intake, physical activity, education level, insoluble fiber intake, and soluble fiber consumption, and the dietary breakdown of carbohydrate, protein, and fat.  
    • Researchers from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center studied dairy’s impact on blood sugar regulation in people with metabolic syndrome , by separating study participants into three groups: limited dairy, low-fat dairy, or full-fat dairy. After 12 weeks, the groups showed no differences in blood sugar levels —but participants in the two dairy groups were insulin-sensitive.
    • Another oft-citedstudy looked at 8-year-old boys who ate 53 grams of protein every day as either meat or milk. After a week, fasting insulin concentrations in the milk group doubled, causing insulin resistance to increase as well.  

    Other research shows a more positive dietary impact:

    Related Article: What is Glucose?

    Milk Consumption And Type 1 Diabetes Is There A Link

    There have been some controversial studies that have associated cow’s milk consumption with juvenile onset diabetes, more commonly known as type 1 diabetes. Scientists have found that the protein composition of cow’s milk, especially the A1 beta-casein molecule, is radically different from that of human milk and can be extremely hard to digest for humans.

    Although more research is needed, studies suggest that this A1 beta-casein along with bovine insulin present in cow’s milk can trigger an autoimmune reaction in genetically susceptible children who have a particular HLA complex. This autoimmune reaction causes the body to produce antibodies against the beta-cells – the cells that produce insulin the pancreas – gradually destroying these cells and paving the way for type 1 diabetes.

    Bottom line: If possible, mothers should try to exclusively breastfeed their babies until their first birthday at least.

    Milk Consumption And Type 2 Diabetes Is There A Link

    You might be surprised to know that a review of 16 studies suggest that full-fat milk can actually protect against diabetes, obesity and heart disease. It appears that trans-palmitoleic acid can improve insulin levels as well as insulin sensitivity. In fact, in one study, participants with the highest levels of trans-palmitoleic acid in their blood had a whopping compared to those with the lowest levels.

    Moreover, the fat in milk products also contains butyrate which is known to not only improve the gut flora but also inhibit inflammation which has been associated with the development of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases. Phytanic acid, another fatty acid present in dairy fat, and conjugated linolenic acid , a natural trans fat in milk, have also been found to reduce the risk of diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

    If you want to know more about other good & bad foods for diabetes read these:

    Can Diabetics Drink Milk Without Raising Blood Sugar

    If you are limiting your intake to only eight ounces or so, yes diabetics can drink milk. It is perfectly fine to even have whole fat milk. Milk contains saturated fat and saturated fat is also linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. But saturated fat is not necessarily bad for you. According to the American diabetes association, 15 grams of saturated fat per day is safe.

    Can People With Type 2 Diabetes Eat Dairy Products

    Yes. In fact, you can pretty much eat any food if you have diabetes. But you need to know how much of that food you can eat and how often you can eat it. Dairy foods, such as milk and yogurt, contain carbohydrate, along with protein and maybe some fat. Carbohydrate has the most effect on blood glucose, compared to protein and fat. One cup of milk and six ounces of light-style yogurt each contain about 15 grams of carb, about as much as in a slice of bread or a piece of fruit. So if you want to drink milk or eat yogurt, you need to “count” them in your meal plan as one of your carb choices. Other dairy foods, like cheese, eggs and butter are mostly protein and/or fat, so they’re counted differently in your meal plan. Cheese and butter tend to be high in saturated fat, a type of fat that can raise cholesterol levels, so it’s wise to limit your intake of these foods, and choose lower fat cheeses and trans-fat free tub margarine, instead. Of course, if you have a lactose intolerance or a milk allergy, you may need to avoid some dairy foods. A dietitian can help you figure out how much of any food you can eat, as well as give you guidance on how much carbohydrate, protein and fat to aim for at your meals.

    Best Milk Options For People With Diabetes Type 2

    Can Diabetics Drink Milk At Night

    Jolie Wiener

    Pre-diabetic and diabetic individuals need to meal plan correctly to best manage their health. Milk products are an essential part of any diet, bu…

    Pre-diabetic and diabetic individuals need to meal plan correctly to best manage their health. Milk products are an essential part of any diet, but not all dairy products are the same for diabetics.It’s challenging to know which dairy products are best for you, since nutritional profiles differ from product to product and company to company, even for similar products.This article will discuss different milk products, how they affect the human body, and which dairy products are best for diabetics.We want to help you answer the question: “What are the best milk options for people with Type 2 diabetes?”

    Is Dairy Bad for Type 2 Diabetes?The simple answer is it depends. With Type 2 diabetes, you want to lower your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar can lead to hyperglycemia, various forms of heart disease, and clogged arteries. The lower your blood sugar and sugar intake are, the more manageable your diabetes will be.

    There are many different milk product types that you can buy, all of which have slightly different effects on your blood sugar levels, including:

    • Whole milk
    • Buttermilk

    Does Milk Raise Insulin Levels?All foods have the potential to raise insulin levels. Milk and dairy are no different.

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    It Could Also Leave You Feeling Fuller For Longer

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    Drinking milk in the morning may reduce blood glucose levels throughout the day, which could benefit those with type 2 diabetes, new research has found.

    According to a study published in the Journal of Dairy Science, consuming a high-protein milk-based drink at breakfast may also cut the risk of obesity by reducing appetite at lunchtime.

    Lead author Dr Douglas Goff, of the University of Guelph in Canada, said that the findings could be key in addressing the global rise in metabolic diseases through diet.

    Evidence From Rcts On Dairy Products And T2d Risk

    There are only 2 reviews and 2 meta-analyses that have been published on RCT-based evidence concerning effects of dairy consumption on T2D risk. An earlier review highlighted that investigating the effect of dairy consumption on health is highly challenging, because only evidence of dairy consumption and biomarkers of T2D is available, with no data on hard endpoints of incident T2D. It is difficult to determine the effect of dairy consumption on T2D risk from the available RCT-based evidence owing to variations in study design, sample size, and types of dairy consumption. In their meta-analysis of RCTs, Benatar et al. investigated the effects of increased dairy food consumption on cardiometabolic risk factors by including data from 20 studies. This meta-analysis showed a high-dairy diet may lead to a moderately improved HOMA-IR , albeit with significant heterogeneity existing between studies . Furthermore, a recent meta-analysis of O’Connor et al. with 38 studies showed a higher dairy intake was positively associated with fasting glucose and negatively associated with HbA1c , whereas the higher dairy consumption was not associated with fasting insulin or HOMA-IR. Both meta-analyses of Benatar et al. and O’Connor et al. reported that most RCTs were small and the quality of evidence was low.


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