Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes
There is no single cause of type 2 diabetes but some factors can put you at greater risk. They include:
- being age 40 or over
- being overweight
- having a family member who has diabetes
- having had gestational diabetes
- having given birth to a baby that weighed more than 4 kg at birth
- high blood pressure
- high cholesterol or other fats in the blood or
- member of a high-risk ethnic group.
Continue Learning About Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
What Is Needed To Cure Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes happens when the body doesnt make insulin at all, or very little of it. The bodys immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for making insulin. A cure for T1D needs to do two things:
Stop the immune system from destroying the pancreas cells that make insulin
Replace the cells that have been lost
So far, there is no treatment that does this. The best treatments we have are medications and devices that do the pancreas job of making insulin. But that job is easier said than done. Insulin works in a very fine balance with other hormones to respond to the foods you eat. The right amount has to be released at the right time.
This is why it is so important if you have Type 1 diabetes to check blood sugars often, know what you eat, and take the right amount of insulin medication. You need to make sure you get enough insulin, but too much can be deadly: Low blood sugar is a true medical emergency.
Managing your blood sugar can be tough in diabetes treatment plans because youre trying to copy a complicated system that the body uses to keep blood glucose in a very tight range at all times. Many things are happening in the background that people without diabetes take for granted.
Pancreas transplants are major and very risky surgeries. Like all major surgeries, there are risks of severe complications such as infections, bleeding, and even death.
About 8% of patients who get a pancreas transplant will get diabetes again.
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What Is A Liquid Diet
As the name suggests, a liquid diet means you’re getting all, or at least most, of your calories from drinks. There are different kinds.
A clear liquid diet is something a doctor may put you on for a short while. Youre often asked to follow one before a medical procedure or if you’re having some digestive issues. You wont get the calories and nutrients you need with one of these diets, so you cant be on them for long and shouldnt do them without medical supervision.
People choose to go on other types of liquid diets for weight loss. Typically, theyre limited to fruit or vegetable juices, or shakes. These drinks may replace all of your meals or just one or two meals . You also get snacks on some of these plans.
These diets can cut the calories you take in and can help you lose weight, but you shouldnt stay on them for very long. Talk to your doctor before you go on a liquid diet. Youll need to make sure you get enough important nutrients, like fiber and protein.
Do liquid diets work for weight loss?
Liquid diets can work, like any diet that gives you fewer calories than you use. These diets can help by taking the guesswork out of portion control. Theyre also beneficial if you have trouble chewing food.
But the results may not last. When you drastically cut calories, your metabolism slows to save energy. Unless you change your eating habits, you’re likely to regain the weight you lost after you go off the liquid diet.
What Lifestyle Changes Can Help Me Manage My Diabetes
Even though there’s no diabetes cure, diabetes can be treated and controlled, and some people may go into remission. To manage diabetes effectively, you need to do the following:
Manage your blood sugar levels. Know what to do to help keep them as near to normal as possible every day: Check your glucose levels frequently. Take your diabetes medicine regularly. And balance your food intake with medication, exercise, stress management, and good sleep habits.
Plan what you eat at each meal. Stick to your diabetes eating plan as often as possible.
Bring healthy snacks with you. Youâll be less likely to snack on empty calories.
Keep up with your medical appointments. That includes your doctor, diabetes educator, ophthalmologist, dentist, podiatrist, and other health care professionals.
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The Future Of Diabetes Treatment: Is A Cure Possible
Diabetes has become an epidemic, sentencing over 422 million people worldwide to lifelong medication. Science is striving to find a diabetes treatment that can cure this chronic disease, but how close are we?
Diabetes is the major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, and stroke. The number of people affected by all types of diabetic disorders is now over four times higher than just 40 years ago. This has led the World Health Organization to consider diabetes an epidemic, predicting it will soon be the seventh biggest cause of death worldwide.
Despite its huge impact, there is still no cure for any type of diabetes. Most treatments help patients manage the symptoms to a certain extent, but diabetics still face multiple long-term health complications.
Diabetes affects the regulation of insulin, a hormone required for glucose uptake in cells, resulting in high levels of blood sugar. While there are some similarities in symptoms, the two main types of diabetes develop in different ways. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that destroys insulin-producing beta-pancreatic cells. In contrast, patients with type 2 diabetes develop insulin resistance, meaning that it has less and less effect on reducing blood sugar.
Medicines For Type 2 Diabetes
Most people need medicine to control their type 2 diabetes.
Medicine helps keep your blood sugar level as normal as possible to prevent health problems. You may have to take it for the rest of your life.
Diabetes usually gets worse over time, so your medicine or dose may need to change.
Adjusting your diet and being active is usually necessary to keep your blood sugar level down.
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Causes Of Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone. Your pancreas produces it and releases it when you eat. Insulin helps transport glucose from your bloodstream to cells throughout your body, where its used for energy.
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin. Your body is no longer using the hormone efficiently. This forces your pancreas to work harder to make more insulin.
Over time, this can damage cells in your pancreas. Eventually, your pancreas may not be able to produce any insulin.
If you dont produce enough insulin or if your body doesnt use it efficiently, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. This leaves your bodys cells starved for energy. Doctors dont know exactly what triggers this series of events.
It may have to do with cell dysfunction in the pancreas or with cell signaling and regulation. In some people, the liver produces too much glucose. There may be a genetic predisposition to developing type 2 diabetes.
Most likely, its a combination of factors that increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. Find out more about the causes of diabetes.
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
The good news is that more than half of people with prediabetes can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Taking steps now to improve your lifestyle can make a huge difference and lead to a healthier future.
If you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes, reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by:
- following a healthy diet
- exercising regularly
- losing weight
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Healthy Kitchen Healthy Body
Now that you have an idea of what foods to include in your diet, its important to keep your kitchen filled with these while also removing tempting treats that will wreak havoc on your blood sugar.
If youre craving something sweet, look into creating healthy alternatives at home using a natural sweetener. Stevia has no glycemic index and works well in baked goods, coffee, and teas.
Also, consider using a nut flour, such as almond flour, to bake high protein, low-sugar muffins or cookies.
When youre on the hunt for a quick fix, stick to two squares of very dark chocolate.
With that being said, its a good idea to prepare meals ahead of time, especially if youre busy and tend to grab food on the go. This will ensure you stick to whole foods and kick excuses to the curb.
A good plan is to choose a day on the weekend to prep your meals and snacks for the week ahead.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is an inexpensive, accessible product that has a myriad of benefits from supporting weight loss to lowering cholesterol and reducing inflammation.
Another key benefit is that it reduces the glycemic load of foods. Remember that the glycemic index measures the spike in blood sugar a particular food causes, which is normally high in starchy carb and sugar foods.
ACV helps to blunt this spike. Try consuming a couple teaspoons in a glass of water before your meals or try this soda recipe of mine.
Raw Potato Starch
Carrot Cake Smoothie via Yuri Elkaim
Application Of Autoimmune Therapy
Type 2 diabetes is often considered to be an autoimmune condition by many researchers. Companies are thinking about the prospects of autoimmune therapy in treating type 2 diabetes. Autoimmune therapies like anti-CD20 have shown potential in treating diabetes in mice in the laboratories. This form of medication has already been approved for the treatment of autoimmune disorders and blood cancer, which is a good sign of its development as a cure for type 2 diabetes.
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Steglatro Segluromet And Steglujan
As we have seen, patients with type 2 diabetes often need a combination of medications to control their blood sugar.
Pfizer and Mercks new SGLT2 inhibitor Steglatro , as well as two new combination agents that contain ertugliflozin: Segluromet , and Steglujan have been FDA-approved. These are all oral agents used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In Phase 3 studies for Steglatro approval, Steglatro was studied alone and in combination with metformin and/or sitagliptin, as well as with insulin and a sulfonylurea. Steglatro on top of metformin plus sitagliptin resulted in significant A1C reductions of 0.7% and 0.8% compared with 0.2% for placebo, and weight loss of roughly 6.2 to 6.6 pounds.
Two Of The Best Natural Cures For Diabetes Type 2
The amount of conflicting information surrounding type 2 diabetes can be overwhelming especially if youve just been diagnosed.
Which medication is best? Will you be on medications for the rest of your life? What about side effects?
These are all valid questions, but before we get into all that, lets answer the answer that will change your life: type 2 diabetes is a completely reversible condition .
This fact may come as a shock, especially most mainstream medical doctors usually recommended an endless array of medications to manage the condition.
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Finally Theres Cure For Type 2 Diabetes
If you or a loved one are currently suffering from Type 2 Diabetes or even pre-diabetes, this will be the most unbelievable message you will ever read.
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Why do I want you to click and read the read this scientific breakthrough publication so much?
Because your life literally depends on it.
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And if youre currently jabbing yourself with insulin shots, popping pills to reduce your blood glucose levels, and generally following the accepted wisdom of mainstream medicine, you need to check out the story below it will explain everything.
Its from a customer and friend of mine, called Marco, who sent it to me just 28 days ago, before he discovered the completely natural blood sugar lowering secret of THIS tiny Sri Lankan tribe, who scientists have discovered are immune to diabetes.
Take a look .
In the summer of 2007 I was diagnosed type 2 diabetes. I remember the doctor being pretty unconcerned about the whole thing and prescribed some medication to control the symptoms.
For the first few years, I just took my pills and got on with my life. But as time went on, my weight began to increase, and my blood glucose and diabetes began to get more and more out of control.
(What Marco didnt realize is that diabetes CANNOT be reversed or
I knew I had to try something different.
Getting Started With Type 2
To use glucose as energy, your body needs insulin. But with type 2 diabetes, your body doesnt make enough insulin or doesnt use it welland your bodys cells cant use glucose for the energy it needs. When glucose stays in your blood, it can cause serious problems.
While there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, there are ways to manage your conditionthrough a balanced diet, an active lifestyle and medicine.
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Statistics About Type 2 Diabetes
The report the following statistics about diabetes in the United States:
- Over 30 million people have diabetes. Thats around 10 percent of the population.
- One in four people have no idea they have diabetes.
- Prediabetes affects 84.1 million adults, and 90 percent of them are unaware of it.
- Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and Native American adults are to have diabetes as non-Hispanic white adults.
The ADA reports the following statistics:
- In 2017, diabetes cost the United States $327 billion in direct medical costs and reduced productivity.
- The average medical expenses for people with diabetes are about 2.3 times higher than they would be in the absence of diabetes.
- Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States, either as the underlying cause of death or as a contributing cause of death.
Diabetes impact is widespread. It touches the lives of nearly half-a-billion of people around the world. View some infographics that shine a light on other diabetes statistics you should know.
Is One Medication Better Than Another
In recent years, many new medicines for treating type 2 diabetes have been developed.
According to international guidelines, patients should take metformin as their first-line treatment unless there is a medical reason that it should not be prescribed.
However, various factors should be taken into account when choosing a ‘second-line’ medication to add to metformin. You can find out more about the individual medicines later in this article.
- If it is important to avoid low blood glucose – DPP-4 inhibitor, SGLT-2 inhibitor, pioglitazone or GLP-1 mimetic.
- For people with a history of heart attack, stroke, etc – SGLT-2 inhibitor or GLP-1 mimetic with proven heart benefit.
- For people with a history of heart failure or chronic kidney disease – SGLT-2 inhibitor or, if not suitable, GLP-1 mimetic. It is important to note that in the UK, SGLT-2 inhibitors should not be started in any patient with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease.
- For people where weight loss or avoiding weight gain is important – SGLT-2 inhibitor or GLP-1 mimetic .
- In the UK, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends that with some exceptions, GLP-1 mimetics should only be prescribed for people with a body mass index over 35.
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Check Blood Sugar Levels
Checking your blood sugar levels is another part of your diabetes treatment plan. It lets you know how well the other parts of your treatment plan are working, and it’s the only way to know how you are doing with your diabetes control on a daily basis.
Your care team may recommend that you use a continuous glucose monitor . A CGM is a wearable device that can measure blood sugar every few minutes around the clock. It’s measured by a thread-like sensor inserted under the skin and secured in place. The more frequent CGM blood sugar readings can help you and the care team do an even better job of troubleshooting and adjusting your insulin doses and diabetes management plan to improve blood sugar control.
A blood glucose meter or CGM tells you what your blood sugar level is at the moment. Your doctor may also send you for another type of blood sugar test called a hemoglobin A1c test . It lets you and your care team know how your blood sugar levels have been for the few months before the test.
Automated Treatment With An Artificial Pancreas
For people that have already lost their insulin-producing cells, a shorter-term solution could be the artificial pancreas a fully automated system that can measure glucose levels and inject the right amount of insulin into the bloodstream, just like a healthy pancreas would.
Type 1 diabetes is very different from your standard disease. Insulin requirements vary greatly from one day to another and there is no way patients can know what they need, Roman Hovorka, Professor at the University of Cambridge, told me. His research group is working on the development of an algorithm that can accurately predict insulin requirements for a specific patient at any moment.
Replacing humans with computers could help patients better control their sugar levels and suffer less complications in the long term. However, in order to fully automate insulin therapy, there are several challenges yet to be addressed. First of all, faster forms of insulin are needed to react quickly enough to changes in sugar blood. In addition, current algorithms need to significantly improve to be able to make accurate predictions.
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