HomeFactsWhat To Eat If You Have Gestational Diabetes

What To Eat If You Have Gestational Diabetes


Carbohydrates On A Nutrition Facts Label

Making Healthy Food Choices When You Have Gestational Diabetes

When managing gestational diabetes, its important to know what to look for on a nutrition facts label. Because carbohydrates are what raise your blood sugar levels, you need to pay attention to the total carbohydrates, which are listed in grams. Your doctor or dietitian will let you know how many grams of total carbohydrates you need to eat for meals and snacks.;

Underneath the total carbohydrates are dietary fiber, total sugars, and added sugars. Look for foods with three or more grams of fiber and few or no added sugars. You can also look at the ingredients list to see what specific carbohydrates are in the food. Remember that just because something is listed as sugar-free or “no sugar added” does not mean it is carbohydrate-free. Always base your decision on the total carbohydrate grams when choosing what to include in your meal plan. Pay special attention to serving sizes too, as this will also affect how many grams of carbohydrates are in your meal or snack.

Dont Worry About What You Can Do To Pass Your Glucose Screening

The internet is full of people asking how to pass the glucose screening. I get it, its a pain the butt, especially if you fail by a measly few points and you have to take the 3 hour. Plenty of people say things like, just dont eat anything the day of or ;take a walk before it or the worst: opt out of it.

My advice? Dont change anything. gestational diabetes


Simply put, this is one test that you do not want to cheat on. And the reality is that if you have it you wont be able to hide it anyway so dont even worry about it.

Remind yourself that if somehow it did go undiagnosed it puts your babies at risk of complications like macrosomia, hypoglycemia, preterm labor, and respiratory issues.

Drink the drink, get the stick, and hope for the best! But in the event that you fail as I did

What Are The Best Types Of Veggies For Expected Mothers

Vegetables for gestational diabetes are a very good option as they are healthy and besides having carbohydrates veggies are rich In fiber as well.

Leafy green vegetables, starchy vegetables, yellow veggies are all the best choices for expected mothers.


They provide energy while keeping the glucose levels under check.

Although, most of the vegetables are good to go for gestational diabetes try to avoid simple carbohydrates i.e. potatoes.

They cause an instant spike in the blood sugar levels.

Do not add too many sauces and flavors to your veggies to keep your blood sugar levels regulated.

Read Also: Can You Donate Blood If You Have Diabetes


When Should I Eat

It is important to eat at the same times every day. For example, you could eat breakfast at 7:30 a.m., lunch at noon, and dinner at 5:00 p.m. Have snacks at 10:00 a.m., 2:00 p.m., and 7:30 p.m. Regular eating times will keep your blood sugar level stable.

Where can I learn more about gestational diabetes and healthy diets?

Talk to your doctor or a nutritionist. You can get more information from these sources:

American Dietetic Association

Best Vegetables For Gestational Diabetes

Medzsoft
  • May 8, 2020

Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and the factors that causes the inception of gestational diabetes cannot be always avoided. Therefore, if you develop gestational diabetes during your pregnancy you should manage it efficiently to keep yourself and your baby healthy.;Lifestyle and food modification is the most important part of diabetes management but in gestational diabetes, you need to be even more careful about your eating habits. Your baby needs all types of nutrients for the growth and you just cant follow a normal diabetic diet plan.

Carbohydrates are the main source to provide energy to the body and you just cant skip on your carbs to keep your sugar level under check.


Complex carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars that pass across the placenta and provide energy to the growing baby.

Around one-third of your daily food intake should consist of starchy carbohydrates to ensure the steady growth of your baby.

In this article, we will discuss the importance of vegetables for gestational diabetes.

They are a good natural source to get all the essential nutrients needed for your baby and yourself. Keep on reading to get some useful insights.

Recommended Reading: Should Diabetics Eat Cheese


How Does Food Affect Blood Sugar Levels

Blood sugar, also known as blood glucose, is the body’s most important form of energy. The body gets most of its glucose by metabolizing the carbohydrates in food, according to Kaiser Permanente. This is why diet and blood sugar are so closely linked.

Normally, the body relies on the hormone insulin to control blood sugar levels. But during pregnancy, the placenta releases certain hormones that impair insulin action, according to the Mayo Clinic. This can cause high blood sugar, which can lead to complications for both mother-to-be and child.

Overall, the best way to prevent high blood sugar is to avoid foods that elevate glucose levels in the first place. The body metabolizes some types of carbohydrates faster than others and the faster the body converts carbs into glucose, the more sharply blood sugar levels will rise. If gestational diabetes is a concern for you, it’s best to avoid easily metabolized carbs, such as those found in white breads, many cereals, sodas, juices, syrups and baked goods.

For better blood sugar control, opt instead for complex carbs such as whole-grain breads, oatmeal and whole-grain cereal. Complex carbs contain more fiber, which slows the body’s ability to convert carbs to glucose and results in a gentler rise in blood sugar.

Read more:How Long Does It Take for Blood Sugar Levels to Peak After Eating?


Dietary Recommendations For Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies. It usually arises in the second half of pregnancy and goes away as soon as the baby is born. However, if gestational diabetes is not treated, you may experience complications.

The first step in treating gestational diabetes is to modify your diet to help keep your blood sugar level in the normal range, while still eating a healthy diet. Most women with well-controlled blood sugar deliver healthy babies without any complications.

One way of keeping your blood sugar levels in normal range is by monitoring the amount of carbohydrates in your diet. Carbohydrate foods digest and turn into blood glucose . Glucose in the blood is necessary because it is the fuel for your body and nourishment your baby receives from you. However, it’s important that glucose levels stay within target.

You May Like: Does Decaf Coffee Raise Blood Sugar

The 21 Best Snack Ideas If You Have Diabetes

Choosing healthy snacks can be difficult when you have diabetes.


The key is to choose snacks that are high in fiber, protein and healthy fats. These nutrients will help keep your blood sugar levels under control.

Its also important to snack on nutrient-dense foods that promote overall health.

This article discusses 21 excellent snacks to eat if you have diabetes.

Other Steps For A Healthy Pregnancy

GESTATIONAL DIABETES: WHAT TO EAT & WHAT TO AVOID! SNACK/MEAL IDEAS

Its not just food alone that can help you stay healthy with gestational diabetes. In addition to maintaining a well-balanced diet, there are other things you can do to have a healthy pregnancy:

  • Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise 5 days a week. Dont be afraid to incorporate a wide range of activity, both for your health and for enjoyment. Just remember to speak to your doctor before starting any new exercises .
  • Dont skip meals. To regulate your blood sugar levels, aim to eat a healthy snack or meal every 3 hours or so. Eating nutrient-dense foods regularly can help keep you satiated and stabilize blood sugar levels.
  • Take your prenatal vitamins, including any probiotics, if theyre recommended by your doctor.
  • See your doctor as often as they recommend they want you healthy.

Read Also: Can Diabetics Eat Angel Food Cake


Food List For Pregnant Women With Gestational Diabetes

During pregnancy, the way your body uses insulin changes. Insulin is a hormonal agent that breaks the foods you eat down into glucose, or sugar. You then use that glucose for energy.

Youll naturally become more resistant to insulin when youre pregnant to help provide your baby with more glucose. In some women, the process fails and your body either stops reacting to insulin or does not make sufficient insulin to offer you the glucose you need. When that takes place, youll have too much sugar in your blood. That causes gestational diabetes.

If you have actually recently been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, or are curious about what will take place if you are identified with it, keep reading for more information about preserving a healthy pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes Breakfast Ideas

Dr. Halprin acknowledges that it can be tricky to choose healthy breakfast foods when you have gestational diabetes. “Breakfast is hard, because it is usually a carbohydrate-laden meal,” she notes.

According to the University of California San Francisco, the best breakfast choices for women with gestational diabetes are those that include a small serving of a whole grain or starch . While still healthy choices, whole fruits, milk and plain yogurt are better tolerated later in the day.


Here are some good breakfast ideas for healthy blood sugar levels. Check with your obstetrician or a registered dietitian for help developing the best gestational diabetes meal plan for your pregnancy.

Recommended Reading: Does Gestational Diabetes Make You Tired

What Are The Complications

Gestational diabetes can cause concerns for both you and baby, but dont let it make you anxious. Here are some complications you may encounter that can be avoided by managing your health with your doctor.

Extra glucose in your body can make your baby gain weight. A bigger baby puts you at risk for having a more difficult delivery because:

Gestational diabetes also increases your risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy.


In most cases, gestational diabetes disappears after your baby is born. However, for some people, high blood sugar may persist after pregnancy. This is called type 2 diabetes.

Having gestational diabetes does put you at an increased risk of developing diabetes later on in life, too. Both you and your baby will be checked for diabetes after birth.

To make sure you decrease your risk for complications, talk with your doctor about continued care before and after baby is born.

Spread Out Your Meals

What Do You Eat If You Have Gestational Diabetes ...

Eating too much in one sitting causes a spike in blood sugar, so spreading your food throughout the day is a must for moms-to-be. Aim for three meals and two snacks every day, waiting no longer than 3 hours between.

Its best to avoid that hangry feeling, which makes it easy to overeat and cause that blood sugar spike at the next meal. I recommend always having snacks on hand!


You May Like: What To Do If Someone Is In A Diabetic Coma

Other Treatments For Gestational Diabetes

Besides diet, gestational diabetes is also managed through physical activity and sometimes with medication.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says studies have shown that exercise during pregnancy can lower glucose levels in gestational diabetes. Always talk with your healthcare professional before starting a new exercise regimen, but walking is typically a safe form of physical activity for pregnant people.

In addition to diet and exercise, some pregnant people will need medication to help manage their diabetes. This might be an oral medication or an injectable medication, like insulin.

If your doctor prescribes medication as part of your gestational diabetes treatment plan, be sure to take it as prescribed and report any side effects you notice, such as frequent low blood sugar levels.


Understand The Glycaemic Index

The gylcaemic index ; is a measure of how quickly foods containing carbs affect your blood sugar levels after you eat them. Some foods affect sugars levels quickly and so have a high GI, and others take longer to affect blood sugar levels and so have a low GI. To;help you manage your blood sugar levels, go;for carbs with a lower GI.;;Youll still need to think about your portion sizes. Its the amount of carbs in the meal that will affect your blood sugar levels the most. And not all low GI foods are healthy, so make sure you read food;labels and make a healthy choice.

Read Also: How Much Does Prednisone Raise Your Blood Sugar

Avoiding Hidden Sugars And Carbohydrates

Some foods and drinks are not obviously sources of sugar or carbohydrates. However, they may still contain potentially harmful levels of both. Examples of these products include:

  • highly processed foods

210% of pregnancies each year in the United States.

This type of diabetes occurs when a womans body cannot make enough of the hormone insulin. The pancreas produces insulin, which helps the bodys cells use sugar from the blood as energy.

When a woman is pregnant, her body will produce more hormones, and she may gain weight. These changes may result in her bodys cells using insulin less efficiently than they did previously, which is called insulin resistance.

Becoming resistant to insulin means that the body needs more of this hormone to handle the sugar in the blood. Sometimes, the body cannot produce enough insulin to keep up, and this leads to a buildup of sugar in the blood.

The symptoms of gestational diabetes may include:

After The Babies Are Born

WHAT I EAT IN A DAY | PREGNANT AND WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES

At my six-week postpartum checkup, I was sent for another glucose tolerance test. I passed this one, thankfully, but will continue to be checked annually.

Having gestational diabetes;puts you at high risk for developing type two diabetes in the future but there are things you can do to combat this risk:

  • Get your body back to a normal weight range and maintain it
  • Continue to eat healthily
  • Exercise more often
  • Breastfeed or pump breast milk
  • Know the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes and contact your doctor immediately if you have any concerns
  • Worried about breastfeeding twins?What To Do When Youre Breastfeeding Two;is an on-demand online breastfeeding twins class made just for YOU! This course was created by Twiniversity in partnership with Judy Teibloom-Mishkin, IBCLC.; and while youre at it, check out our virtual lactation consulting and virtual twin parent coaching services.

    While one ever wishes to develop gestational diabetes, the bottom line is that its far from the worst thing that could happen in pregnancy. It can carry a hefty learning curve but, for the most part, it is easily managed with the right diet and exercise plan.

    Read Also: Are Pumpkin Seeds Good For Diabetics

    Limit Carbs At Breakfast

    If you have gestational diabetes, it’s wise to keep carb counts low at your morning meal, according to Elizabeth Halprin, MD, clinical director of adult diabetes at Harvard’s Joslin Diabetes Center. The reason? Your blood sugar levels may already be elevated in the morning, since the liver releases glucose during the night.

    “Patients should eat a max of 30 grams of carbs at breakfast,” Dr. Halprin says. ” avoid milk in the morning” because they tend to be particularly sensitive to the carbs in dairy at that time, she adds.

    Medications For Gestational Diabetes

    It’s possible that even after changing your eating habits and exercise routine, your blood sugar levels will continue to remain too high during pregnancy. This is not your fault, just as developing gestational diabetes in the first place was not your fault. Continue to work with your doctor to get your blood sugar levels under control. Doing so will ensure the best outcomes for your pregnancy.

    The preferred medication for gestational diabetes is insulin. Insulin does not cross the placenta, so you don’t need to worry about it harming your baby. Because blood sugars can fluctuate during different stages of pregnancy, you’ll probably be advised to monitor your levels at home to maintain the correct dosage. Don’t worry, your doctor will walk you through the process each step of the way.

    Don’t Miss: Does Apple Cider Vinegar Help With Blood Sugar

    Peanut Butter Celery Sticks

    A popular way to enjoy celery sticks is by dipping them in peanut butter. Its another healthy snack option for people with diabetes.

    First, celery sticks are very low in calories, providing only 16 calories per cup . This can help you manage your weight, which helps control type 2 diabetes .

    Furthermore, celery contains antioxidants called flavones, which have been studied for their role in lowering blood sugar levels .

    Adding a tablespoon or two of peanut butter to celery sticks adds some extra protein and fiber to the snack, which will benefit your blood sugar control even more .

    Dont Blame Yourself Gestational Diabetes

    Carbs & Cals

    This is SUPER important. Like I said before, I did everything right. My diet was pretty great long before I got pregnant and while I probably could have exercised more I definitely did not think Id develop gestational diabetes. But after doing more research I found that this was just yet another potential side effect of twin pregnancy.

    There are other risk factors for developing gestational diabetes such as advanced maternal age, high BMI, and a family history of diabetes but the truth is that simply carrying twins increases your chances of getting it. Your doctor knows this already so dont worry about them judging you either. It is not your fault.

    Also Check: What’s The Difference Between Type One And Type Two Diabetes

    What Is Gestational Diabetes

    Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It usually develops when you are 24 to 32 weeks pregnant and disappears after delivery. But its possible to develop gestational diabetes before or after this time frame. ;

    Insulins job is to keep our blood sugar levels on target. But during pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that prevent insulin from working as well as it should, explains Asterino-McGeean. High blood sugar levels can be dangerous. There are possible risks and complications for you and your baby if sugar isnt controlled.;

    Having gestational diabetes also increases your risk of having it again during future pregnancies. ;

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles