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When To Go To Hospital For High Blood Sugar


What To Do If You’re Sick Or Injured

How To Bring Blood Sugar Down Fast in 2 Hours? Quiz to Win Below.

If you’re ill, especially if the illness causes fever, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, or if your ability to eat or drink has been affected, call your doctor.

You should also let your doctor or diabetes health care team know if you:

  • have had a significant injury
  • are going to be having surgery
  • have been prescribed new medications for another health problem

If you think a situation is an emergency, tell someone to call 911 or help you get to the emergency department. If you are alone, don’t hesitate to call your doctor or 911.

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Treat High Blood Sugar Early

The best way to prevent high blood sugar emergencies is to treat high blood sugar as soon as you have symptoms or when your blood sugar is well above your target range .


  • Follow your doctor’s instructions for the steps for dealing with high blood sugar. Post the steps in a handy place at home and work. Make sure other people know what to do if you are unable to treat high blood sugar.
  • Keep a record of high blood sugar levels. Write down your symptoms and how you treated them. And take the record with you when you see your doctor.

What Causes High Blood Sugar

A variety of things can trigger an increase in blood sugar level in people with diabetes, including:

  • stress
  • missing a dose of your diabetes medicine or taking;an incorrect dose
  • overtreating an episode of;low blood sugar
  • taking certain medicines, such as;steroids

Occasional episodes of hyperglycaemia can also occur in children and young adults;during growth spurts.

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What To Do In An Emergency

A diabetic emergency happens when symptoms relating to diabetes overwhelm the body.

At this point, home treatment is unlikely to help, and delaying medical care could cause permanent damage or death.


Some of the signs that can indicate a serious problem include:

  • chest pain that radiates down the arm
  • difficulty breathing
  • a severe headache and weakness in one side of the body
  • seizures
  • loss of consciousness

If there are signs of an emergency, the person should go to the emergency room, or they or someone with them should call 911 immediately.

Without rapid help, some diabetic emergencies can be life-threatening.

It is not always possible to prevent an emergency, but being able to recognize the signs can improve the chances of early treatment and a full recovery.

Strategies that can help to reduce the risk of an emergency include:


Following the treatment plan: Use medications as a doctor prescribes and keep in touch with the healthcare team. If a person cannot remember whether or not they took their last dose of drugs, they should ask a doctor before taking a further dose. This can help to prevent hypoglycemia. Anyone who notices a change in their symptoms should see a doctor.

Eating healthful, balanced, regular meals: People who use insulin or other medications that lower blood glucose should ask their doctor about what foods to eat, how much, and when, in order to maintain stable blood sugar levels. Small, frequent meals are better than fewer larger meals.

Support Groups And Counseling For High Blood Sugar

Pin on Health Tips

You or family members may wish to join a support group with other people to share your experiences. The American Diabetes Association and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation are both excellent resources. Your health care provider will have information about local groups in your area. The following groups also provide support:

American Association of Diabetes Educators100 W Monroe, Suite 400Chicago, IL 60603

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How Can I Prevent Insulin

  • Check your blood sugar regularly.
  • Know what causes low blood sugar.
  • Eat at regular mealtimes. Do not delay or skip meals and do not eat partial meals.
  • Take all medicines exactly as prescribed.
  • Check your blood sugar more often when you are exercising more or eating less, or when you are sick, according to your healthcare provider’s recommendations.
  • Keep your follow-up appointments with your provider.

What Is The Treatment Of Hbg

Insulin is the best treatment for HBG in the hospital. This is true even if you do not have diabetes or if you do not use insulin at home. Insulin injection is the most effective way to control blood sugar. Also, some diabetes pills can cause low blood sugar or other health problems while you are sick. For these reasons, you may have to stop taking your noninsulin diabetes medicines during your hospital stay.

Hospital patients with HBG should receive insulin shots under the skin . You should get basal insulin once or twice a day to keep blood sugar levels steady. Before meals, getting bolus insulin helps prevent blood sugar levels from going too high after eating. Besides mealtime insulin, some patients with HBG may need additional insulin injections. This constant treatment prevents HBG or, in some patients, a dangerous health problem called diabetic ketoacidosis .

For all patients with HBG, good nutrition is important to help control blood sugar. A dietitian should work with you to plan your meals. The point is to make sure you get enough calories and eat the right amount and types of sugars or carbohydrates. These include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk.

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How To Lower High Blood Sugar

With careful monitoring and control of your blood sugar levels, you can live a healthy life. There are a number of ways you can lower and prevent high blood sugar.


Learn to count carbohydrates: When you count carbs or keep track of what you are eating, you can control your blood sugar more efficiently. Set a maximum amount you can have each day for your meal,s and keep track to make sure you do not go past the limit. This helps to stabilize blood sugar and prevent dangerous spikes. Portion control is important too, so make sure your meals are not too large, as these can cause temporary spikes.;

Try meal planning: To help keep track of your carbohydrate intake, start planning your meals. Based on the amount of carbohydrates you can have, plan meals accordingly, so you do not risk going above the set limit. When your meals are planned, you also avoid eating out or getting convenience food, which contains more sugar and fat, and will negatively affect your blood sugar.;

Start a weight loss program: Obesity contributes to diabetes and impairs your bodys ability to process energy efficiently. Losing weight helps your body to use insulin more efficiently, and it reduces fat storage, which can trigger inflammation in the body.;

About High Blood Sugar

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High glucose levels occur when the body doesn’t have enough insulin or can’t properly use the insulin it has to shuttle glucose from the bloodstream to the bodys muscles, organs, and tissues for fuel, ONeill says. As a result, the amount of sugar in the blood builds up.

Hyperglycemia typically happens when you consume more carbohydrates or bigger portions of food than usual; if you don’t take enough insulin or other diabetes medication as prescribed; and if you decrease your levels of physical activity, she says. Heightened stress levels can also increase blood sugar levels. Non-diabetes-related medications that are known to raise blood sugar levels include steroids, beta-blockers, birth control pills, and many mental health medications, she explains.


Signs of high blood sugar include frequent urination, fatigue, dry or itchy skin, feeling thirsty, more frequent infections, and eating more food but not gaining as much weight as usual,;says;Athena Philis-Tsimikas, MD, the corporate vice president for the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute in La Jolla, California.

High blood sugar levels can cause these symptoms through various mechanisms, according to the Mayo Clinic. For example, high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels and nerves throughout the body. They can also deprive organs of energy and can cause fluid to accumulate in the eyes. And in an attempt to get your blood sugar to a healthier level, your body will often increase urine output.

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What Is High Blood Sugar

    Hyperglycemia is the medical term describing an abnormally high blood glucose level. Blood sugar is measured in a sample of blood taken from a vein or from a small finger stick sample of blood. It can be measured in a laboratory either alone or with other blood tests, or it can be measured using a handheld glucometer, a small device that allows frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels without the need for a doctor’s office or laboratory.

    Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a hallmark sign of diabetes and prediabetes. Normal ranges for blood glucose measurements can vary slightly among different laboratories, but in general a fasting glucose level is considered normal if it is between 70-100 mg/dL. Glucose levels may rise slightly above this range following a meal. Random blood glucose measurements are usually lower than 125 mg/dL.


    High Blood Sugar Causes

    Diabetes mellitus is one of several persistent conditions causing high blood sugar levels. For someone with diabetes, hyperglycemia has many possible causes:

    • Carbohydrates: Eating food containing too many carbohydrates, a form of sugar. The body of a person with diabetes cannot process high levels of carbohydrates fast enough to convert it into energy. Blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes can rise within hours after eating.
    • Insulin control: Not producing enough insulin action . People with diabetes must control blood sugar by a combination of dietary discretion, taking medication, and physical activity. When food, exercise, and insulin are not balanced, blood sugar levels rise.
    • Stress: Emotions can play a role in causing hyperglycemia, but should not be used as an excuse for poor control of diabetes.
    • Low levels of exercise: Daily exercise is a critical contributor to regulating blood sugar levels.
    • Infection, illness, or surgery: With illness, blood sugar levels tend to rise quickly over several hours.
    • Other medications: Certain drugs, especially steroids, can affect blood sugar levels.
    • Unconsciousness or coma

    Ketoacidosis is life-threatening and demands immediate treatment.

    Symptoms include:

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    Diabetes And Blood Sugar: Knowing When To Go To The Hospital

    Keeping your blood sugar levels under control can be tough. There are so many factors that can affect blood sugar, like exercise, food, illness, exhaustion, and stress. Any of these can cause your careful control to go right out the window. So how do you know if your loss of control is an emergency?

    HYPOGLYCEMIA

    Hypoglycemia is the condition of having too little glucose in the blood, usually below 70 mg/dl. It can result from taking too much insulin, not eating, illness or exercise. Hypoglycemia sometimes called insulin shock or insulin reaction can cause serious physical and mental changes.


    Symptoms and Risks

    Physical changes include shakiness, sweating, chills and feeling clammy, increased heart rate, dizziness, blurred vision, headache, weakness or excessive fatigue, tingling and numbness in the lips or tongue, lack of coordination, nausea and, in worst cases, seizures and unconsciousness.

    Mental changes include confusion and delirium, anger, stubbornness, and sadness. On occasion, someone who is suffering an episode of hypoglycemia might be mistaken for being extremely drunk.

    All of the symptoms above are preliminary to passing out and/or entering a coma state if left untreated.

    What To Do

    After 15 minutes, the patient should re-check his or her blood sugar to be certain it has come up to at least 70 mg/dl. If it hasnt, repeat the previous action.

    HYPERGLYCEMIA

    Symptoms

    What To Do

    Signs That Blood Sugar Levels Are High

    When To Go To Hospital For High Blood Sugar

    People with high blood sugar may:


    • pee a lot. When blood sugar levels get too high, the kidneys flush out the extra glucose into your urine , which is why people who have high blood sugar levels need to pee more often and in larger amounts.
    • drink a lot. Because youre losing so much fluid from peeing so much, you can get very thirsty.
    • lose weight. If there isnt enough insulin to help the body use glucose, the body starts to break down your muscle and fat for energy and you lose weight.
    • feel tired. Because the body cant use glucose for energy properly, you may feel really tired.

    High blood sugar levels dont always cause these symptoms. Sometimes you can have high blood sugar levels without even knowing it. But if left untreated, they can cause serious health problems. Thats why its important to work with your parents and diabetes team to keep your blood sugar levels in a healthy range. This can mean checking your blood sugar levels a few times a day, even when you feel fine.

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    Complications Of High Blood Sugar

    Diabetes is one of the main causes of high blood sugar levels, but there are other causes that can impact your blood glucose and your risk for hyperglycemia.;

    Hyperglycemia is the medical term for high blood sugar levels. You can have temporary spikes in blood sugar after eating a large meal or as a result of medication side effects. Chronically elevated blood sugar levels are dangerous and common in those with diabetes. Without treatment, you run the risk of a diabetic coma.

    Ketoacidosis is a condition that develops when elevated blood glucose levels go untreated. Without glucose to use for fuel, your body begins to burn fat instead and produces ketones. When there are too many ketones in the blood, it will turn acidic, which can very quickly lead to ketoacidosis, a diabetic coma, and even death.;


    People without diabetes can develop a similar condition known as ketosis, but they can tolerate a certain level of ketones because inulin is still effectively working.;

    Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome is another serious complication of high blood sugar. This is more common among individuals with type 2 diabetes and is triggered by an infection or illness.;

    As a result of the high blood sugar, your body tries to push out the excess glucose by passing it through your urine. Without treatment, this can result in life-threatening dehydration so prompt medical attention would be necessary.;

    What Is Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Someone who has high blood sugar can develop a serious problem with a serious-sounding name: diabetic ketoacidosis . This happens if the body gets desperate for a source of fuel. The body wants to use glucose . But without insulin, that glucose stays stuck in the blood and isnt available to the cells so the body uses fat instead.

    But that can sometimes cause problems. Why? Because when the body uses fat, chemicals called ketones are produced. These ketones get into a persons blood and urine and they can make a person very sick. DKA is a very serious problem for people with diabetes, but the good news is that it can be prevented and treated.


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    Questions To Ask Your Doctor About High Blood Sugar

    Please ask your health care professional about the following:

    • How to recognize high blood sugar levels
    • How to treat a high blood sugar level when it occurs in you, a family member, or coworkers
    • How to prevent the blood sugar level from becoming too high
    • How to contact the medical staff during an emergency
    • What emergency supplies to carry to treat high blood sugar
    • Additional educational materials regarding high blood sugar

    What High Blood Sugar Feels Like

    How to Measure Your Blood Sugar – Mayo Clinic Patient Education

    The symptoms can include:

    • Breath that smells like fruit
    • Confusion

    These are symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis . Your body burns glucose for energy. When your cells donât get enough of it, they burn fat. That produces chemicals called ketones. When these build up, your blood becomes more acid-like. This can be life-threatening if itâs not treated.

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    When To Seek Medical Care For High Blood Sugar

    If hyperglycemia persists for at least two or three days, or if ketones appear in the urine, call a doctor.

    Generally, people with diabetes should test their blood sugar levels at least four times a day: before meals and at bedtime . The urine should be checked for ketones any time the blood sugar level is over 250 mg/dL.

    When blood sugar stays high despite following a diabetic diet and plan of care, call the nurse, diabetes health educator, or physician for adjustments in the diet.

    If blood sugars are high because of illness, check for ketones and contact a health professional.

    Seek immediate medical care for these conditions:

    • Vomiting
    • Blood sugar levels that stay above 160 mg/dL for longer than a week
    • Glucose readings higher than 300 mg/dL
    • The presence of ketones in the urine

    Ketoacidosis or diabetic coma is a medical emergency. Call 911 for emergency transport to a hospital or similar emergency center.

    Symptoms And Signs Of High Blood Sugar

    Other symptoms and signs of high blood sugar include:

  • Sunburns. Pain from a sunburn causes pain, which increases blood sugars.
  • Coffee. Some people with diabetes have an extra sensitivity to caffeine.
  • Gum disease. Gum disease is a complication of diabetes, and can make blood sugars rise.
  • Loosing sleep. Going a night or two without sleeping can cause the body to use insulin less efficiently.
  • Nose spray. Some nasal sprays have chemicals that trigger the liver to make more blood sugar.

    Severely elevated blood sugar levels can result in a medical emergency . This can occur in both people with type 1 and those with type 2 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes may develop diabetic ketoacidosis , and those with type 2 diabetes can develop hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome . These so-called hyperglycemia crises are serious conditions that can be life threatening if not treated immediately. Hyperglycemic crises cause about 2,400 deaths each year in the U.S.

    Over time, hyperglycemia can lead to damage to organs and tissues. Long-term hyperglycemia can impair the immune response, leading to poor healing of cuts and wounds. It can also cause nerve damage, vision problems, and damage to the blood vessels and kidneys .

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